Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Garfield in Benton County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Lifeline for Two Armies

 
 
Lifeline for Two Armies Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
1. Lifeline for Two Armies Marker
Inscription. Elkhorn Tavern overlooks a highway of vital importance for Arkansas and Missouri during the Civil War. Union and Confederate leaders both wanted this 20-foot-wide dirt road to move men and supplies. Alongside the road ran 3-year-old telegraph wires, the latest way to send information and fast.

In the week before battle broke out here, both armies had hurriedly marched southward past this crossroads and tavern. The night before the shooting started, Union troops from Missouri set up a small rearguard outpost here. The soldiers had stockpiled food in the barn and tavern. Provost guards watched a handful of captured Confederates nearby.

A Road with Many Names
First built in the 1820s as a military road to link St. Louis, Missouri to Fort Smith, Arkansas, this highway served as the northern route of the Trail of Tears during the Indian removals in 1837 to 1839. It was known as the Butterfield Overland Stage Route from 1858 to 1861. Civil War troops called it the Wire Road or the Telegraph Road.
 
Erected by Pea Ridge National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 36° 27.202′ N, 94° 0.949′ W. Marker is near Garfield, Arkansas, in Benton County. Marker
Map Showing Course of the Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
2. Map Showing Course of the Road
is on Military Park Road (County Road 65), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Located at stop eight, Elkhorn Tavern, on the driving tour of Pea Ridge National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Garfield AR 72732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears (within shouting distance of this marker); Vulnerable in Victory (within shouting distance of this marker); Disastrous Retreat (within shouting distance of this marker); Elkhorn Tavern Taken (within shouting distance of this marker); Remembrance and Reunion (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Butterfield Overland Mail Route (about 300 feet away); Pea Ridge (about 300 feet away); Reunited Soldiery Monument (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Garfield.
 
Also see . . .  Pea Ridge National Military Park. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesWar, US Civil
 
Marker and the Tavern image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
3. Marker and the Tavern
The tavern is not the original that stood during the Civil War, rather one built near the original site.
Elkhorns on top of the Tavern image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
4. Elkhorns on top of the Tavern
The original elk skull and horns were acquired by Federal General Eugene Carr after the battle as a memento. After the war, Carr returned the artifact to the tavern and it stood on display for many years. Today the original set is part of a private collection.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 826 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on September 13, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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