Pittsburg in Crawford County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
The Amazon Army
—Miners’ Memorial at Immigrant Park —
The women’s march of 1921 epitomizes the spirit of the Kansas Balkans, an area known for its rich cultural heritage and turbulent strike-ridden history. On December 12 of that year, 3,000 (by some reports up to 6,000) women—wives and other female relatives of striking miners—marched from the Miner’s Hall in Franklin, Kansas, to the coal fields of Crawford County in an attempt to stop scab miners (replacement workers) from reporting to work. The protest caused the governor to send a troop of Kansas cavalry to stop the marchers and made headlines across the nation. They were known as the “Amazon Army.”
There was absolutely no fear in these women’s hearts. Like the lion they would face and fight anything bare handed—no weapon of any kind—they would face the militia—their only throught was something must be done so that their little ones would have food, something to wear in the cold, even though they might meet death at the hands of the militia.
—from Mary Skubitz’s Journal, December 15, 1921
Erected 2008 by the Miners’ Memorial.
Location. 37° 24.553′ N, 94° 42.392′ W. Marker is in Pittsburg, Kansas, in Crawford County. Marker is at the intersection of 2nd Street and Pine Street, on the right when traveling west on 2nd Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Pittsburg KS 66762, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Alexander Howat (a few steps from this marker); Wilkinson Coal Company (within shouting distance of this marker); The Weir-Pittsburg Coal Field in Cherokee County (within shouting distance of this marker); Frontenac, Kansas (within shouting distance of this marker); Immigrant Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Southeast Kansas Coal Mining (within shouting distance of this marker); The Weir - Pittsburg Coalfield (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Freedom Tree (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Pittsburg.
Also see . . .
1. An Army of Amazons. This website includes contemporary and recent articles on the labor unrest and the Amazon Army. “The march (Submitted on September 14, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Miners' Memorial. This website includes a number of stories told by family members of miners and union organizers. Excerpt: “Due to poor safety laws and lack of care by mine owners prior to 1920, some men, including my grandfather and dad, organized the miners is southeast Kansas to become part of the United Mine Workers of America. The mining companies strongly resisted and hired ‘thugs’ and ‘strong arm’ protectors. There was violence between these men and the miners. (Submitted on September 14, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Civil Rights • Industry & Commerce • Labor Unions • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 13, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,642 times since then. This page was the Marker of the Week February 10, 2013. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 14, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.