Near Chesapeake, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Dismal Swamp Canal
The Battle of South Mills
Naval ordinances and supplies were shipped through the canal for the CSS Sea Bird, commanded by Flag Officer W.F. Lynch, at Elizabeth City, North Carolina, on February 10, 1862. The supplies did not arrive before Union naval forces under the command of Commander S.C. Rowan in the USS Commodore Perry rammed and sank the Sea Bird. During this engagement in the Pasquotank River all but two of the Confederate “mosquito fleet” were destroyed or captured. The CSS Appomattox and CSS Beaufort sought escape via the Dismal Swamp Canal to Norfolk. The Appomattox was two inches too wide to enter the first lock and was burned by the Confederates. The Beaufort, however, could negotiate the locks and made it safely to Norfolk.
No attempts were made to capture the Dismal Swamp Canal until two months later. The Union, fearing that the Confederates planned to send an ironclad to the Albermarle Sound via the canal, mounted and expedition to block the canal. On April 17, 1862, 3,000 men commanded by Brig. Gen. J.L. Reno marched
The Union gained control of the canal shortly after the fall of Norfolk on May 10, 1862. Yet, by 1863 their control over the region was tenuous. Great quantities of supplies were smuggled through the canal by Southern sympathizers and Confederate guerrillas annoyed the Federals with their periodic raids.
Brig. Gen. Edward A. Wild led a punitive expedition on May 15, 1863, from Norfolk toward South Mills and Camden Court House. The expedition did not appear to serve any legitimate purpose. Black troops were used which caused great resentment among the local inhabitants. The guerrillas constantly “pestered” the Union advance, yet escaped capture in the vastness of the swamp. All settlements discovered along the march were burned and property confiscated.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 36° 38.277′ N, 76° 22.373′ W. Marker is near Chesapeake, Virginia Touch for map. From new US-17S/George Washington Hwy, travel west down Douglas Road 0.6mi to a dead end and the marker located on the west side of Old US-17 which is now the Dismal Swamp Canal Trail. The marker may also be reached by parking at the north or south trailhead and following the DSCT to the marker. Marker is in this post office area: Chesapeake VA 23322, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Glencoe (approx. 2.3 miles away); North West Canal (approx. 2.3 miles away); Herring (Heron) Ditch (approx. 3.1 miles away); Dismal Swamp Canal Trail (approx. 3.3 miles away); Pleasant Grove Baptist Church Cemetery (approx. 7.2 miles away); Village of Deep Creek (approx. 7.7 miles away); Justin Holland (approx. 8 miles away); Unknown and Known Afro-Union Civil War Soldiers Memorial (approx. 8.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chesapeake.
Categories. • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 10, 2010, by Chris Bieber of Chesapeake, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,528 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 10, 2010, by Chris Bieber of Chesapeake, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.