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Spotsylvania in Spotsylvania County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Ordeal of the Wellfords

The Battle of Chancellorsville

 
 
Ordeal of the Wellfords Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
1. Ordeal of the Wellfords Marker
Inscription. In December 1862 the Wellford family fled Fredericksburg to escape the ravages of battle. Five months later war found them again - here, in a commodious brick home that stood in the field in front of you. On April 30, Union troops arrived. "About 20 visited us," wrote Evelina Wellford, "searching the house for arms and Confederates, shooting the fowls, and stealing provisions, of which we had a scant supply."

On May 2, as Jackson's flanking column passed by and the rattle of approaching Union battle lines neared, the Wellfords piled trunks into carts and "hurriedly took our departure for the woods, making as good time as you might imagine under the circumstances." The Wellfords returned days later to a damaged home. "I think," wrote Evelina Wellford, "a few more moves of the kind will just break us up entirely."
 
Erected by Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, National Park Service, US Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 38° 16.801′ N, 77° 38.755′ W. Marker is in Spotsylvania, Virginia, in Spotsylvania County. Marker is on Jackson Trail East, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Located on the Jackson Flank March driving loop in the Chancellorsville Battlefield
The Wellford House Tour Stop image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
2. The Wellford House Tour Stop
section of the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Battlefield Park. Marker is in this post office area: Spotsylvania VA 22553, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rearguard Action (here, next to this marker); Chancellorsville Campaign (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Chancellorsville Campaign (approx. 0.6 miles away); A Region of Gloom (approx. 0.6 miles away); Catharine Furnace (approx. 0.6 miles away); Jackson's Flank March (approx. 0.6 miles away); About a mile in the distance... (approx. 0.7 miles away); Maury House Trail (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Spotsylvania.
 
More about this marker. The background of the marker is a photo of "The Wellford house as it appeared in the 1930s. Confederate cavalryman J.E.B. Stuart made the yard his headquarters on May 1; the next day Jackson's flanking column used the dirt road visible in the center of the image. The road has since been widened."

A portrait of Charles C. Wellford is on the upper right corner. He is described as "a wealthy dry goods merchant and director of the Catharine Furnace Company, which owned the house here. His son Charles B. Wellford helped guide Jackson's
Flank Trail Near the Site of the Wellford House image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
3. Flank Trail Near the Site of the Wellford House
The photo from the marker was probably taken along this stretch of the road. Clearly the widening of the road and time have changed the scene.
men during their famous flank march on May 2, 1863."
 
Regarding Ordeal of the Wellfords. This is one of several markers for the Battle of Chancellorsville along the Jackson's Flank March and Attack trail. See the Jackson's Flank March and Attack Virtual Tour by Markers in the links section for a listing of related markers on the tour.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Chancellorsville. National Park Service site. (Submitted on December 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Jackson's Flank March and Attack Virtual Tour by Markers. This virtual tour covers the optional Jackson Flank Trail route of the driving tour and concludes at Jackson's Flank Attack (stop 8) of the driving tour, tracing the route of Jackson's march to deliver the decisive attack of the battle. (Submitted on December 8, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Additional keywords. Battle of Chancellorsville
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Future Interpretive Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
4. Future Interpretive Marker
Next to the Wellford marker is a blank, awaiting the mounting of the panel. UPDATE: See nearby Rearguard Action marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,440 times since then and 69 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 2, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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