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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Birchwood in Meigs County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

“Not a treaty at all”

 
 
"Not a treaty at all" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, January 2, 2011
1. "Not a treaty at all" Marker
Inscription. Although American legislation declared an end to Cherokee sovereignty, most of those remaining in the Nation continued to resist. In December 1835, however, a small party of Cherokee signed the Treaty of New Echota.

The agreement promised that the Cherokee would quit their land and relocate to the Indian Territory within two years of the laws ratification by two-thirds majority, in May 1836. The majority of Cherokee, however, fought to overturn the false treaty.

"The instrument in question [Treaty of New Echota] is not the act of our Nation; we are not parties to its covenants; it has not received the sanction of our people. The makers of it sustain no office nor appointment in our Nation, under the designation of Chiefs, Head men, or any other title, by which they hold, or could acquire, authority to assume the reins of Government, and to make bargain and sale of our rights, our possessions, and our common country." - Principal Chief John Ross to the United States Congress, September 1836
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
 
Location. 35° 24.423′ N, 85° 0.383′ W. Marker is near Birchwood, Tennessee, in Meigs County. Marker can be reached from Blythe Ferry Road 2 miles north
"Not a treaty at all" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, January 2, 2011
2. "Not a treaty at all" Marker
Left caption - The Treaty of New Echota proved to be the final cession of Cherokee land in the east.
Right caption - John Ross hand delivered a petition with thousands of signatures to Washington protesting the Treaty of New Echota.
of Hiwassee Highway (Tennessee Highway 60), on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Cherokee Removal Memorial Park. Marker is in this post office area: Birchwood TN 37308, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. "To Learn and not Forget" (here, next to this marker); "Orders No. 25" (here, next to this marker); General Winfield Scott (here, next to this marker); "Your Fate is Decided" (here, next to this marker); "Chains of Friendship" (here, next to this marker); "Given by the Great Spirit above" (here, next to this marker); "A Desire to Possess" (here, next to this marker); "Forced from this country" (here, next to this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Birchwood.
 
Categories. Native AmericansPoliticsWars, US Indian
 
"Not a treaty at all" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, January 2, 2011
3. "Not a treaty at all" Marker
Third from right in this view.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 6, 2011, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 417 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 6, 2011, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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