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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Fourteenth Army Corps

Maj. Gen. John M. Palmer.

 

Nov. 19-25th, 1863.

 
Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 7, 2011
1. Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker
Inscription.
Fourteenth Army Corps.
Maj. Gen. John M. Palmer.

Nov. 19-25, 1863
Johnson's Division - Brig. Gen. Richard W. Johnson.
Davis' Division - Brig. Gen. Jefferson C. Davis.
Baird's Division - Brig. Gen. Absalom Baird.

Nov. 19th Davis Division was detached and ordered four miles above Chattanooga to cover the crossing of Sherman's column. It crossed the pontoon bridge in the rear of this force at noon November 24th, and continued to act as a reserve for Gen. Sherman throughout the battle. The only organization of the Division engaged was Battery I, 2nd Minnesota Light Artillery. On the morning of Nov. 25th Baird's Division, after reconnoitering to Chattanooga Creek was ordered to the to the assistance of Gen. Sherman, and joined him near the tunnel about noon. Being soon ordered to return to the center, it arrived in the vicinity of Orchard Knob and formed on the left of Wood's Division of the Fourth Corps, and became the left of the line of assault on Missionary Ridge.

Johnson's Division was divided. Starkweather's Brigade occupied the fortifications of Chattanooga. Stoughton's Brigade formed on the right of Sheridan's Division of the Fourth Corps. Carlin's Brigade, which had re-enforced Hooker at the Cravens house on Lookout Mountain on
Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 7, 2011
2. Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker
View of the historical marker situated just in front of (to the southeast of) the New Jersey Memorial Monument.
the evening of Nov. 24th, joined Stoughton's Brigade on the 25th before the advance on Missionary Ridge began, and took part with it in the general assault, being the right of the line.
 
Erected 1890 by the Chickamauga-Chattanooga National Battlefield Commission. (Marker Number MT-71.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Orchard Knob Reservation, and the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park: November 25, 1863 marker series.
 
Location. 35° 2.351′ N, 85° 16.439′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker can be reached from Orchard Knob Avenue north of Ivy Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. This historical marker is located in the middle of a residential neighborhood, in the city of Chattanooga, a little less than a mile west of Missionary Ridge. It is situated near the crest of the Orchard Knob Reservation, National Military Park and is positioned on the high ground to the south of the crest, near the New Jersey Memorial Monument. Marker is in this post office area: Chattanooga TN 37404, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. New Jersey State Monument (a few steps from this marker); The Final Struggle Begins
Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 7, 2011
3. Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker
View looking southeast from the base of the New Jersey Memorial Monument, with a view looking down the slope of Orchard Knob, at the historical marker just to the right of the monument, and of the southeastern entrance to the Reservation, down at the base of the slope.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Fourth Army Corps (within shouting distance of this marker); Wisconsin State Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); 27th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 10th Michigan Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Union Casualties (within shouting distance of this marker); Confederate Casualties (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
 
Regarding Fourteenth Army Corps. While there are additional NPS tablets for both Johnson's Division and Baird's Division that explain their role in the Chattanooga Campaign, there is not one for the Davis' Division. In explanation of this, the NPS staff state the following:

"There is not a table for Davis' Division. They were stationed on the north side of the Tennessee River upstream of Chattanooga and when Sherman crossed the river at the mouth of South Chickamauga Creek, because he (Sherman) was short one division because of the broken pontoon bridge at Brown's Ferry,
Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 7, 2011
4. Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker
A view of the historical marker looking southeast, down the slope of Orchard Knob, towards the southeastern entrance to the Reservation down at the base of the slope. Note the distant view of the pathway leading from the park entrance towards the crest of the hill, and the far distant view of the crest of Missionary Ridge.
Davis was assigned to Sherman and Sherman held them in reserve in the area of the pontoon bridge over the river just downstream of the mouth of South Chickamauga Creek. They become another of the divisions that Sherman doesn't use in what was supposed to be Grant's main effort (see the Army of the Tennessee tablets at the Sherman Reservation and the 14th Corps tablet at Orchard Knob)."

 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Use this link to see the Division tablets (except for Davis' Division which does not have a tablet) for this Army Corps.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, June 7, 2011
5. Fourteenth Army Corps. Marker
View looking northwest of the entrance to reservation at the corner of Orchard Knob Avenue and Ivy Street, looking up the pathway that leads to the high ground where the historical marker is situated, and to the crest of Orchard Knob.
Fourteenth Army Corps Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2017
6. Fourteenth Army Corps Marker
View of page 71 from the National Park Service’s record book on the Chattanooga - Chickamauga listings of classified structures, which is kept in the Chickamauga Battlefield Park's Visitor Center (Note correction of text in the right margin).
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 29, 2017. This page originally submitted on June 15, 2011, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 427 times since then and 65 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 16, 2011, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   6. submitted on September 29, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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