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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Chattanooga, Tennessee
Chattanooga is the county seat for Hamilton County
Chattanooga is in Hamilton County
Hamilton County(606) ► ADJACENT TO HAMILTON COUNTY Bledsoe County(17) ► Bradley County(56) ► Marion County(31) ► Meigs County(31) ► Rhea County(29) ► Sequatchie County(5) ► Catoosa County, Georgia(813) ► Dade County, Georgia(15) ► Walker County, Georgia(371) ► Whitfield County, Georgia(85) ►
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29 Let's Go
Spearheaded the assault on Omaha Beach in Northern France on D-Day June 6th 1944 which ultimately led to the surrender of all German military forces in Europe in World War Two
E J Hamill Russell L . . . — — Map (db m209317) HM WM
This monument placed on May 8, 1995 the 50th anniversary of VE Day in memory of and dedication to members of the 84th Infantry Division whose courage in battle contributed greatly to victory in World War II.
Rhineland Ardennes Central . . . — — Map (db m209450) WM
...we walked by a corduroy road two or three miles across the spit of land enclosed by the bend in the river.
Henry Y. Thompson
November 24, 1863
The road trace you see before you is rich with history. In 1805, the . . . — — Map (db m191689) HM
Civil War Dead
An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . — — Map (db m194479) HM
After the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863, Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans retreated to Federal-occupied Chattanooga, a strategically vital rail center, where Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg laid siege from Lookout Mountain and . . . — — Map (db m68847) HM
November 23d, 1863, under instructions from Gen. Grant to ascertain whether the Confederates still occupied the valley, Gen. Thomas disposed forces in front of Fort Wood, the site of which is now marked by the stand-pipe of the water works.
The . . . — — Map (db m58999) HM
During the night of Nov. 23, 1863, Gen. Sherman crossed the Tennessee at the mouth of the Chickamauga, under orders to carry the north end of Missionary Ridge to the railroad tunnel. He seized the ground now known as Sherman Heights and held it . . . — — Map (db m59018) HM
During the night of Nov. 24, 1863, Bragg's forces withdrew from the plain and Lookout and joined those on Missionary Ridge, occupying it from Rossville to Tunnel Hill, and a spur thence eastward to the Chickamauga. Sherman early on the 25th . . . — — Map (db m81651) HM
A Hamilton County Institution
Authorized by Act of the General Assembly, 1895. The first Board of Trustees met March 7th 1896. Present were the Reverend J.W. Bachman, President: Major Charles D. McGuffy, Secretary: J.S. Bell, . . . — — Map (db m4494) HM
Education is not a thing apart from life-not a "system”,
nor a philosophy; it is direct teaching
how to live and how to work.
There are two ways of exerting one's strength;
one is pushing down, the other is pulling up.
No race can . . . — — Map (db m167748) HM
Henry Van Ness Boynton
Born West Stockbridge, Mass.
July 22, 1835
Reared in Cincinnati, Ohio. Graduated
Woodward College, KY. Military Institute
Lieut. Col. 35th Ohio Infantry. Wounded
Battle . . . — — Map (db m81652) HM
Established 1817 by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, it played an important part in the educational development and Christianizing of the Cherokee. Brainerd Cemetery contains graves of whites and Indians who died at the . . . — — Map (db m1986) HM
Welcome to Moccasin Bend National Archaeological District, a unit of Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. Prehistoric and historic sites located on Moccasin Bend reveal varying stories of human occupation spanning 12,000 years. . . . — — Map (db m84232) HM
Carver Memorial, a hospital for Negroes, opened on June 18, 1947, in the Old West Ellis Hospital Building. Named for George Washington Carver, this health-care facility is said to have been the first municipally-owned, tax-supported hospital in . . . — — Map (db m4478) HM
A speech given by Booker T. Washington in 1895 at the Cotton States and
International Exposition in Atlanta, Georgia.
Mr. President, Gentlemen of the Board of Directors and Citizens:
One third of the population of the South is of the . . . — — Map (db m167714) HM
Located at the corner of O'Neal and East Third streets adjacent to Warner Park, Lincoln Park, and Fort Wood, Engel Stadium stands on the site of Andrews Field where baseball had been played since around 1910. Constructed in only 63 working days . . . — — Map (db m167767) HM
Born in Chattanooga in 1913, Virne Beatrice “Jackie” Mitchell made national headlines
and baseball history during an exhibition game against the New York Yankees at Engel Stadium on April 2, 1931.
Joe Engel, in what many characterize . . . — — Map (db m167777) HM
Born in the District of Columbia in 1893, Joseph William Engel served as batboy, mascot, pitcher, and scout for the hometown Washington Senators before owner Clark Griffith tapped him in 1929 to oversee the club's new southern farm team, the . . . — — Map (db m167776) HM
A few blocks north of Engel Stadium stands another landmark of Chattanooga baseball history. Established in 1918 amid the racial segregation and inherent inequality of the Jim Crow South, Lincoln Park served as a social and recreational oasis for . . . — — Map (db m167778) HM
Chattanooga was home to several Negro League baseball teams between 1920 and 1951, including the Tigers, White Sox, Black Lookouts, Black Cats, Choo Choos, Black Choo Choos, and Stars. Though these African American teams sometimes played at the . . . — — Map (db m167775) HM
(Sidebar): After the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863, Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans retreated to Federal-occupied Chattanooga, a strategically vital rail center, where Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg laid siege from Lookout Mountain . . . — — Map (db m81653) HM
Gen. George H. Thomas established a cemetery here on December 25, 1863, "to provide a proper resting place for the remains of the brave men who fell upon the fields" of Chattanooga.
The grounds, some 120 acres . . . — — Map (db m103304) HM
The Chickamauga Dam was built to provide flood control, navigation, and electric power. Chickamauga Dam was the fourth of TVA's projects on the Tennessee River. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the Dam on September 2, 1940. At 129 feet high . . . — — Map (db m182816) HM
You are standing near the former Western &
Atlantic Railroad, which ran from Chattanooga,
about eight miles west of here, to Atlanta, Geor-
gia. During the Civil War, a large Confederate
camp was located here around Chickamauga Station while . . . — — Map (db m141053) HM
This historic railroad bridge was completed in 1888 and rebuilt in 1980. The round stone pier support near the middle of the bridge is part of the original structure. The Cincinnati Southern line provided the first major north-south passenger rail . . . — — Map (db m182818) HM
Controlling the river and railroad junction at Chattanooga was important to both North and South during the war. As a Confederate general noted, Chattanooga "commands important passes into Georgia and Alabama, and would enable the enemy ... to cut . . . — — Map (db m48198) HM
General Ulysses S. Grant's plan for lifting the siege of Chattanooga called for the Union Army of the Tennessee under General William T. Sherman to cross the Tennessee River and strike the Confederate Army's flank on the northern end of Missionary . . . — — Map (db m70678) HM
The Confederate Army of Tennessee occupied Chattanooga in early July, 1863. The Confederates were expecting the pursuing Federal Army of the Cumberland to cross the Tennessee River well above Chattanooga, cut off the Confederate forces at Knoxville, . . . — — Map (db m83072) HM
After the Union occupation of Nashville in February 1862, Chattanooga's strategic location as a railroad junction made it a logical place for Confederate military supply and support services. Wounded and sick soldiers soon arrived, and city . . . — — Map (db m231118) HM
Here are buried 155 soldiers of the Army of Tennessee who died in hospitals during the mobilization for Bragg's Kentucky campaign of Sept. - Oct., 1862. Their graves, formerly distinguished by wooden markers giving name, rank and organization, are . . . — — Map (db m28771) HM
Nearby is the home of iron manufacturing pioneer Robert Cravens (1805-1886). During the Civil War siege and battles of Chattanooga, September-November 1863, it was a landmark commonly called the "White House" and was heavily damaged and later . . . — — Map (db m86876) HM
Trail of Tears
In 1838, nearly 2,000 Cherokee, their enslaved Africans, and others stopped at Brown's Ferry (a few yards to your left) and gazed across the Tennessee River toward the landing on the opposite bank. They must . . . — — Map (db m84250) HM
Two strategically important railroads met in Chattanooga. The Western & Atlantic Railroad (W&A) from Atlanta was finished in 1850. A few hundred yards to your left, it joined the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad (ET&G), which was completed from . . . — — Map (db m134925) HM
The home of this early trader and pioneer stood about 250 yards east. Born in Scotland, 1760, coming to this area in 1785, he shortly after married a daughter of John McDonald, trader, who lived at the site of Rossville, Ga. His eldest son, John, . . . — — Map (db m4497) HM
How did the National Park Service find the Brown's Ferry Federal Road trace, a small portion of a larger road network that radiated throughout the United States and its territories?
With the road hidden by the dense undergrowth of trees and . . . — — Map (db m191690) HM
15,000 Marines, Army, Navy, Air Force, British Royal Marines & South Koreans successfully fought ten divisions of Chinese & North Koreans in the most severe blizzard of 100 years, destroying 8 divisions & rendering 2 divisions ineffective. This . . . — — Map (db m209293) HM WM
This railroad bed is all that remains of the
first incline up Lookout Mountain.
Incline Number One, as it was known, was
built in the mid-1880s. It began at the foot of the mountain near the present incline, and ran upward to the foot of . . . — — Map (db m150492) HM
The Civil War marked a watershed in Chattanooga. War accelerated the growth of the town's already thriving commercial and manufacturing economy. During the United States Army's occupation in 1864-1865 the riverfront was covered by a major dock, . . . — — Map (db m167723) HM
The Washington Senators professional baseball
team named William Joseph “Joe” Engel president
of the Chattanooga Lookouts, its farm team, in
1929. By February of 1930 he had a new $150,000
ballpark, Engel Stadium, which was said to . . . — — Map (db m167779) HM
Lincoln Park Chattanooga's first playground for the African-American community was dedicated April 12, 1918. This stone gateway is the site of the original entrance and is re-dedicated on this day, September 14, 1996, to the leaders and citizens of . . . — — Map (db m153767) HM
During the late Nineties this cemetery was discovered by Capt. J.F. Shipp and its history disclosed. Its condition reported to N.B. Forrest Camp U.C.V. The group purchased and substantial wire fence was erected by camp comrade J.W. Willingham, . . . — — Map (db m178051) HM
On June 7 and 8, 1862, General Negley in command of a Union reconnoitering force appeared on Stringer's Ridge northwest of this point, and screened by the timber opened with artillery on the city and line of rifle pits (then under command of Gen. . . . — — Map (db m58997) HM
The Order of the Southern Cross was founded at Gray's Mill on August 28, 1863, following initial meetings at Tyner's Station, to foster Brotherhood and Patriotic Sentiment within the Confederate Army of the Tennessee. As part of this aim, a charity . . . — — Map (db m227456) HM
Osterhaus' Division - Blair's Corps
Brigadier General Peter J. Osterhaus.
Nov. 25, 1863, 3 P.M.
1st Brigade, Brigadier General Charles R. Woods.
2d Brigade, Colonel James A. Williamson.
This . . . — — Map (db m76607) HM
After Chickamauga, the Confederates by holding Lookout Mountain and Valley, closed the river line of supplies. Rosecrans' plan for its re-opening was to move Hooker's force from Bridgeport into Lookout Valley, Gen. W. F. Smith to co-operate from . . . — — Map (db m58994) HM
The tree-covered mound, which you see before you, dates to the Woodland Period of prehistory (900 B.C.-900 A.D). It was originally surrounded by an extensive village and probably used as a burial mound for high-ranking individuals. Named after the . . . — — Map (db m167959) HM
General Braxton Bragg, mobilizing his army during summer of 1862 for his Kentucky campaign, culminating the Battle of Perryville, Oct 8th, 1862, camped a part of his army in this vicinity. Hospitals were located nearby. Great number of his soldiers . . . — — Map (db m208282) HM
Established by the American Board of Commissioners for foreign missions in 1817. First called Chickamaugah, changed to Brainerd in 1818. Maintained with aid of the United States Government until the removal of the Indians in 1838. Here forty . . . — — Map (db m164932) HM
Operates over 3 miles near original East Tennessee, Virginia & Georgia Railroad right of way, using pre-1930 equipment, to East Chattanooga terminus. Line passes through 984 foot long Missionary Ridge Tunnel built in 1852-54, the only . . . — — Map (db m43069) HM
Few men have the satisfaction of knowing they have made a contribution in their lifetime that will last through the ages and touch the lives of millions.
Men of the CCC know that feeling well. The Civilian Conservation Corps was launched April . . . — — Map (db m167750) HM
"Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one
has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome"
1856 - April 5, birth in Hale's Ford, VA Franklin Co., on Burroughs Plantation
1865 - Freed and family . . . — — Map (db m167732) HM
Today, Tuskegee University programs serve a coed student body that is
racially, ethnically and religiously diverse. With a strong orientation toward
disciplines that highlight the relationship between education and work
force preparation in . . . — — Map (db m167737) HM
As part of a business venture to promote summer and permanent residence atop Lookout Mountain, associates of Col. James Whiteside were granted a charter in the mid-1850s for the construction of a road up the mountain.
Col. Whiteside, who owned . . . — — Map (db m184092) HM
In recognition of the rare vision, the indomitable courage and capacity of achievement of Will Cummings, county judge of Hamilton County, the pioneer of permanent road building and public improvements in east Tennessee and the Chattanooga district, . . . — — Map (db m28769) HM
After the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863, Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans retreated to Federal-occupied Chattanooga, a strategically vital rail center, where Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg laid siege from Lookout Mountain and . . . — — Map (db m188870) HM
When President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, he planted the seed of a "new birth of freedom."
As the Civil War persisted and recruits were needed, the War Department issued General Orders No. 143 on . . . — — Map (db m209087) HM WM
Throughout the late 19th and into the middle 20th century, residential neighborhoods existed alongside the riverfront factories. Housing was especially dense along the slopes of Cameron Hill in a neighborhood called the West Side. The families of . . . — — Map (db m167722) HM
This Park commemorates the history of one of Chattanooga's first heavy industries. Bluff Furnace, built in 1854 and put into operation in 1856, was a steam-powered blast furnace that reduced iron ore into usable cast iron. This iron was sent to . . . — — Map (db m184184) HM
Bluff Furnace emerged from obscurity in the late 1970s when portions of the massive stone walls of the casting shed were exposed by erosion. Recognized as the birthplace of Chattanooga's iron industry, the site was preserved as an historic site and . . . — — Map (db m184203) HM
The Harry Scott Probasco family came from Lawrenceburg, Indiana to settle in Chattanooga
in 1884. The family profession originally was millwork until beginning in the trust and bond business, American National Bank and Trust being the end product. . . . — — Map (db m167724) HM
The Hunter Museum is composed of three buildings representing 100 years of architecture. Each building reflects the tastes and the technology of the time when it was created.
Like the diverse artwork inside the Hunter, each building has the . . . — — Map (db m177529) HM
The conversion of Bluff Furnace into the region's first coke-fired stack, in 1860, was a significant milestone in southern iron production. The failure of the furnace, in November of 1860, occurred as the nation drifted toward the Civil War. The . . . — — Map (db m184197) HM
The Chattanooga Region was rich in mineral resources, including hematite iron ore. The convergence of river transportation and railroads at Chattanooga guaranteed access to markets for iron products such as pig iron bars, and finished castings such . . . — — Map (db m184190) HM
Abby C. Milton of Chattanooga was a leader in the womens suffrage movement in Tennessee. The campaign culminated in a vote by the Tennessee Legislature in 1920 to ratify the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving women the right to vote. . . . — — Map (db m74631) HM
After the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863, Union General William S. Rosecrans retreated to Federal-occupied Chattanooga, a strategically vital rail center, where Confederate General Braxton Bragg laid siege from Lookout Mountain . . . — — Map (db m84219) HM
Central Block Building
Donated to United Way of Greater Chattanooga
By Cornerstones, Inc. - 2000
Historic Preservation By
Frank McDonald Architects, P. C. And Raines Brothers, Inc. - 2003
Has been placed in the National and . . . — — Map (db m184116) HM
Established on this site, Aug. 2, 1862, by Franc M. Paul, it was published in three states, five towns and, for several months, in a boxcar traveling with Confederate armies. Later editors were Henry Watterson and Albert Roberts. Usually, it was the . . . — — Map (db m13779) HM
In 1835 a log structure near the corner of Fifth and Lookout Sts, served this area as schoolhouse, church, and community center. Community leaders met here in 1838 and selected "Chattanooga" as the name for the Future city. The official act was . . . — — Map (db m13896) HM
After the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863, Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans retreated to Federal-occupied Chattanooga, a strategically vital rail center, where Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg laid siege from Lookout Mountain . . . — — Map (db m69252) HM
Born in 1883, Ernest Walter Holmes, Sr., opened Chattanoogas first independent auto-repair garage at 318 Market Street. Here in 1916 he invented the twin-boom wrecker. Holmes pioneered and patented numerous improvements in the towing and recovery . . . — — Map (db m1984) HM
On July 21, 1899, two Chattanooga lawyers, Benjamin Franklin Thomas and Joseph Brown Whitehead, signed a contract with the Coca-Cola Company granting them the exclusive rights to bottle Coca-Cola in most of the United States. Another Chattanooga . . . — — Map (db m15703) HM
Chattanooga was evacuated by the Confederates September 7 and 8, 1863. On the morning of September 9, 1863, the 92nd Illinois Mounted Infantry, Colonel Smith D. Atkins, commanding, detached from General Wilder's Brigade, marched at 3 a.m. from . . . — — Map (db m138495) HM
G. W. Franklin was born in Quitman, Georgia. He operated four businesses: blacksmithing, a hack line, a wood and coal yard, and an undertaking establishment. In 1894 Franklin moved his undertaking business to Chattanooga. He was a member of the . . . — — Map (db m4481) HM
created October 25, 1819, named for
born January 11, 1757; died July 12 1804. Aide de Camp to
Gen. Washington at twenty: member of Continental Congress at
twenty-five; captain in Revolutionary War; a leader in . . . — — Map (db m150512) HM
This city was first occupied by Confederate troops in the spring of 1862 under Generals Floyd, Maxey and Leadbetter. Union troops under General Mitchell shelled it June 7 and 8. Bragg's Army occupied it in August preparing for the Kentucky campaign, . . . — — Map (db m87279) HM
This city was first occupied by Confederate troops in the spring of 1862 under Generals Floyd, Maxey and Leadbetter. Union troops under General Mitchell shelled it June 7 and 8. Bragg's Army occupied it in August preparing for the Kentucky campaign, . . . — — Map (db m81671) HM
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Tennessee 1989
Has been placed on the
National Register of Historic Places
by the United States Department of the Interior
The National . . . — — Map (db m184100) HM