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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hampton in Hunterdon County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Lenape Village of Pelouesse

 
 
The Lenape Village of Pelouesse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, July 8, 2011
1. The Lenape Village of Pelouesse Marker
Inscription. A Lenape village called Pelouesse was identified in 1715 across the Musconetcong River from Hampton, New Jersey. The name of the village, Pelouesse, as pronounced by the colonial Americans, derived from the Lenape words yapei, meaning "on the stream bank" and lusasu, meaning "it has been burned". The words referred to the nearly 15 acres of burned clearing that were used by the Lenape as a plantation. Corn, beans, and squash were planted in the fertile well-drained soil. The village was located along the clear running river which provided drinking water and fish. Hunting of deer, turkey, bear and other game provided meat to supplement the crops, skins for clothing, fur for robes, and bones for tools.

Pelouesse was also located on a branch of the Lenape trail across Musconetcong Mountain, called the Malayelick Trail. This name derived from the Lenape words maheles, meaning "flint", and elek, meaning "as it happens (occurs)". The limestone of the Musconetcong Valley has significant amounts of chert which was used to make flint arrowheads, spear points, knives, and scrapers. These products were important trade items. The Malayelick Trail reached to where Trenton is today to the south, and to where Phillipsburg is today to the west.
 
Erected 2011 by Musconetcong River Management Council and

Unveiling of the marker, July 8, 2011 image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, July 8, 2011
2. Unveiling of the marker, July 8, 2011
Musconetcong Watershed Association.
 
Location. 40° 42.65′ N, 74° 58.08′ W. Marker is in Hampton, New Jersey, in Hunterdon County. Marker can be reached from Valley Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located in Hampton Boro Park. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton NJ 08827, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Musconetcong Valley Presbyterian Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hampton (approx. 0.6 miles away); Dusenbery Mansion House (approx. 0.6 miles away); Veterans Park (approx. 0.7 miles away); New Hampton (approx. 0.7 miles away); Major General Daniel Morgan (approx. ĺ mile away); General Daniel Morgan (approx. ĺ mile away); St. Annís Catholic Church (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
Dedication of the marker, Chief Patrick Waddilove and Robert Sheridan of The Munsee Delaware Nation image. Click for full size.
By Alan Edelson, July 8, 2011
3. Dedication of the marker, Chief Patrick Waddilove and Robert Sheridan of The Munsee Delaware Nation
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 8, 2011, by Alan Edelson of Union Twsp., New Jersey. This page has been viewed 826 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 8, 2011, by Alan Edelson of Union Twsp., New Jersey. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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