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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Big Stone Gap in Wise County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Donelsonís Indian Line

 
 
Donelsonís Indian Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 29, 2011
1. Donelsonís Indian Line Marker
Inscription. John Donelsonís Line, surveyed after the Treaty of Lochaber with the Indians, 1770, crossed the road here. This line separated Indian territory from land open to settlement. Violations of the line by settlers contributed to Dunmore's War, 1774.
 
Erected 1932 by Conservation & Development Commission. (Marker Number KA-8.)
 
Location. 36° 48.724′ N, 82° 47.204′ W. Marker is near Big Stone Gap, Virginia, in Wise County. Marker is on Orby Cantrell Highway (U.S. 23) near the Lee-Wise County line, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Big Stone Gap VA 24219, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Seminary United Methodist Church (approx. 2.6 miles away); Turkey Cove (approx. 2.6 miles away); Members of Congress (approx. 3.5 miles away); Southwest Virginia Museum (approx. 3.6 miles away); Big Stone Gap (approx. 3.8 miles away); Carl Martin (approx. 3.8 miles away); Origins of Big Stone Gap (approx. 4 miles away); a different marker also named Big Stone Gap (approx. 4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Big Stone Gap.
 
More about this marker. I place this marker
Donelsonís Indian Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, May 29, 2011
2. Donelsonís Indian Line Marker
some 200 feet north of the county line in Wise County using Google Earth. The Virginia Department of Historic Resources database says it is in Lee county, but if you look on their map, you will find the nearby "Lee County / Wise County" marker that designates the county line just south of this marker, another indication that this marker is indeed in Wise County. It might have been in Lee County before this road was widened, but no longer.
 
Regarding Donelsonís Indian Line. Difficulty in agreeing over the exact location of the boundary between the Cherokee Nation and the colony of Virginia led to this settlement. The border ran from the Holston River northto convergence of the Great Kanawha and Ohio Rivers (present-day Henderson, West Virginia).
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. It lists two markers on Donelsonís Indian Line. Use the mapping feature to see both on the same map.
 
Also see . . .  1770 Treaty of Lochaber. A transcription of the treaty, with maps. It begins, “A Treaty for a Cession to His most Sacred Majesty George the Third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King defender of the faith and so forth, by the said Nation of Cherokee Indians of certain Lands lying within the Limits of the dominion of Virginia. Whereas by a Treaty Entered into and concluded at Hard Labour, the Fourteenth day of October 1768, by John Stuart Esquire His Majestyís Agent and Superintendant of the Indian Nations Inhabiting the Southern district of North America, with the principal and Ruling Chiefs of the Cherokee Nation: . . .” (Submitted on July 9, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 2, 2017. This page originally submitted on July 9, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 458 times since then and 28 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 9, 2011, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
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