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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Council Grove in Morris County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Council Oak

 
 
Council Oak Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., February 19, 2011
1. Council Oak Marker
Inscription.
The hunting grounds of the Kaw (Kansa) and Osage Indians were located here when Americans and Mexicans began hauling trade goods over the Santa Fe Trail in 1821.

In 1825, in response to traders and merchants who eagerly sought trade with Mexicans, the U.S. Congress authorized that a road be surveyed and marked from the western frontier of Missouri to New Mexico.

A council was held in this oak grove among U.S. Commissioner George C. Sibley; Pa-hu-ska (White Hair), head chief of the Great Osages; and Ca-he-ga-wa-ton-ega (Foolish Chief), head chief of the Little Osages. On August 10, 1825, they signed a treaty granting passage through Osage territory for citizens of the United States and Mexico in exchange for $800 in cash, plus ribbons, tobacco, calico, and other goods.

Sibley named the site "Council Grove." Traders continued to use the name when referring to the site, and later on, to the small settlemet found here by 1847. The community grew, and the town was incorporated in 1865.

The Kaw (Kansa) Indians were hunting buffalo to the west when the treaty was signed. Sibley caught up with them at Turkey Creek (near present-day McPherson) and signed an identical treaty with them six days later.
 
Erected by National Park Service and City of Council
Council Oak Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., February 19, 2011
2. Council Oak Marker
Remnant of Council Oak is under pavilion
Grove.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Santa Fe Trail marker series.
 
Location. 38° 39.708′ N, 96° 29.051′ W. Marker is in Council Grove, Kansas, in Morris County. Marker is on Main Street (U.S. 56) near 2nd Street, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in Council Oak Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 106 East Main Street, Council Grove KS 66846, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Council Grove (here, next to this marker); Santa Fe Trail / Council Grove (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Council Oak (a few steps from this marker); Company "C" 137th Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Bur Oak (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Bur Oak (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Post Office Oak (about 600 feet away); Brewery (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Council Grove.
 
Also see . . .
1. Santa Fe National Historic Trail. (Submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Osage Nation. (Submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. 1825 Treaty with the Great and Little Osage
Council Oak Remnant image. Click for full size.
By William Fischer, Jr., February 19, 2011
3. Council Oak Remnant
. (Submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
4. Council Grove, Kansas. (Submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
5. Council Grove, Kansas. (Submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
6. Kaw Nation. (Submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceNative AmericansRoads & Vehicles
 
Painting on Council Oak Marker image. Click for full size.
By Unknown, undated
4. Painting on Council Oak Marker
[Caption reads]Three U.S. commissioners were assigned to survey and mark the road to Santa Fe and gain the consent of American Indians whose lands it crossed. Mountain man "Old Bill" Williams served as translator. [Painting is at Kaw Mission State Historic Site]
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 371 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 24, 2011, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
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