Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Civil War in Tennessee
Controlling the River and Rails
Union forces advanced from Middle Tennessee in the summer of 1863, took control of Chattanooga, and marched into Georgia in September. Defeated at the Battle of Chickamauga, about eight miles south of the Tennessee border (Exit 1), the Union army retreated to Chattanooga, which the Confederate army besieged. Separate Federal attacks on November 24-25 pushed Confederate forces from Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge (Exit 3) and into Georgia.
In 1863-1864, Union soldiers built new fortifications along the region's rivers and rails. They constructed Fort Hill overlooking the railroad in Cleveland (Exit 20) and converted a brick depot in Niota (Exit 56) into a temporary fort. On the Hiwassee River at Charleston (Exit 33), they converted an old post from the 1830s Trail of Tears into a temporary headquarters.
Erected by the Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 34° 59.781′ N, 85° 12.403′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on Interstate 75 north of Ringgold Road (U.S. 76), on the right when traveling north. This historical marker is located on the grounds of a Tennessee Rest Area / Welcome Center, on north bound Interstate 75, just north of the Tennessee - Georgia state line. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chattanooga TN 37412, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Brainerd Mission (approx. one mile away); 84th Indiana Infantry (approx. 1.2 miles away in Georgia); a different marker also named 84th Indiana Infantry (approx. 1.4 miles away in Georgia); General Daniel Newnan (approx. 2.6 miles Old Federal Road (approx. 2.7 miles away in Georgia); Reynolds' Brigade (approx. 3½ miles away); 97th Ohio Infantry (approx. 3½ miles away); Massenburg's Georgia Battery (approx. 3½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Civil War in Tennessee.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 11, 2011, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,115 times since then and 54 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on October 13, 2011, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.