Near Proctor in St. Louis County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Geology of Duluth Harbor
Over the past two million years, glaciers more than a kilometer thick have repeatedly advanced along the buried trough and scoured out much of the soft sedimentary rock that once filled it. The harder, erosion-resistant volcanic rocks along the margins of the trough now form the rocky coastline of much of Lake Superior.
Ten thousand years ago, as the glacial ice in the basin melted west to east, water ponded in front of the ice almost to the level of this marker to form Glacial Lake Duluth. Eventually, the ice melted out of the eastern lake basin and a drainage way opened to the lower Great Lakes. When the eastern outlet first
Relieved of the great weight of this glacial ice, the earth's crust has been slowly rising. The rate of rebound is fastest where the load of ice has been most recently removed. Thus, the northeastern lake basin and its eastern outlet are rising faster, thereby tilting the basin toward the southwest and flooding the mouth of the St. Louis River. Duluth harbor, which was formed by this submergence, has been enlarged by the formation of Minnesota Point, a baymouth bar sand deposit washed there by easterly waves and shore currents transporting beach sand from Wisconsin.
Erected by the Geological Society of Minnesota in partnership with the Minnesota Department of Transportation and the Minnesota Geological Survey 1998
Erected 1998 by the Geological Society of Minnesota.
Location. 46° 43.757′ N, 92° 12.317′ W. Marker is near Proctor, Minnesota, in St. Louis County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 35 at milepost 249, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in a rest area accessible from Interstate 35. Marker is in this post office area: Duluth MN 55810, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles Minnesota’s Seaport / Welcome to Minnesota (within shouting distance of this marker); The Gate (within shouting distance of this marker); Gonyea, Verville and National Guardsmen Memorial (approx. 1.2 miles away); Engine 225 (approx. 1.3 miles away); Oneota (approx. 3.4 miles away); Summer White House - 1928 (approx. 4.9 miles away in Wisconsin); Rice's Point (approx. 5 miles away); Enger Observation Tower (approx. 5 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Proctor.
More about this marker. Marker is on a concrete pedestal by the back observation deck at the Thompson Hill Travel Information Center/Rest Area (about 7 miles southwest of downtown Duluth). Exit at South Boundary Avenue (County Road 14), to Westgate Boulevard, then to Thompson Hill Visitors Center Parkway.
Categories. • Natural Features •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 3, 2008, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 2,229 times since then and 69 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 3, 2008, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.