Niagara-on-the-Lake in Niagara Region, Ontario — Central Canada
The Fortiﬁed Mouth of the Niagara River
Fort Mississauga 1814 - 1870
• Built on the site of the first lighthouse on the Great Lakes (1804)>
• Construction begins in 1814 to replace Fort George
• Importance of waterways reduced by construction of Erie (1825) and Welland (1829) canals
• Base for British/Canadian defense during Rebellion Crisis 1837, U.S. Civil War and the Fenian Raids 1866 + 1870.
Fort George 1796 - 1824
• Built by the British in 1796 to counter sudden American occupation of Fort Niagara
• Principal fortification and Headquarters of Centre Division during the War of 1812
• Engaged in several artillery
• Destroyed, captured and occupied by U.S. forces in May of 1813
• Modified by occupying U.S. forces to defend against a land assault
• Re-occupied by British in December 1814
• Butler's Barracks (1814) complex built out of range of U.S. artillery
• Used until 1824
French Occupation 1679 - 1759
• Fort Conti 1679
• Fort Denonville (small wooden complex 1687)
• First stone structures 1726
• Critical post for fur trade and defensive works against the Iroquois
• Suffered the only European-style siege in North America in 1759
• Surrendered to British and colonial allies on July 25, 1759
British Occupation 1759 - 1796
• Constructed naval yard on Canadian side in 1765 (became Navy Hall)
• Used as a base for British raids through American Revolution
• Safe refuge for thousands of displaced Loyalists and First Nations people
• Ceded to the United States in 1796 according to the terms of Jay's Treaty
U.S. Occupation 1796 - 1903
• Engaged in several artillery duels in 1812
• Severely damaged during the War of 1812
• Base of American operations for the Battle of Fort George
• Captured by British in 1813 and held until 1815
• Modified in reaction to Upper Canadian
• Abandoned for military use 1903
Erected by Parks Canada.
Location. 43° 15.127′ N, 79° 3.74′ W. Marker is in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, in Niagara Region. Marker can be reached from Queens Parade just south of Wellington Street. Touch for map. This historic marker is located on the grounds of a national historic park. On the map this historic marker appears to be near the end of Bryon Street, but in order to see this historic marker one should probably pull into the parking lot of the national park, which is just off of the roadway called the Queens Parade. Once you park your vehicle the historical marker is just a short walk away along the pathway that leads to the fort's visitor center. This particular historical marker is just to the left of a three marker display panel that is situated between the park's visitor center and the reconstructed fort, facing away from Fort George and towards Fort Niagara (which is situated on the American side of the river). Marker is in this post office area: Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario L0S 1J0, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Strategic Site (a few steps from this marker); Fort Niagara (a few steps from this marker); Sir Isaac Brock's First Burial Site Fort George (within shouting distance of this marker); Niagara National Historic Sites (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Six Pounder Field Gun (about 120 meters away); Welcome to Fort George (about 120 meters away); Ubique (about 120 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Niagara-on-the-Lake.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War of 1812 • War, French and Indian • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 17, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 583 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on March 17, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.