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Olustee in Baker County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Olustee Battlefield

 
 
Olustee Battlefield Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 30, 2012
1. Olustee Battlefield Marker
Inscription. (Right Panel)
Welcome to the Olustee Battlefield
Battlefield Map included with Park rules and regulations

(Center Panel)
How Many Would Die ?
The morning of February 20, 1864, dawned clear and cool. The Union army, commanded by Brigadier General Truman Seymour, set his force into motion at6:00 a.m. He and his command of 5,500 men and 16 cannons left Barber's Plantation (near present-day Macclenny) and crossed the St. Mary's River heading west. Confederate commander, Brigadier General Joseph Finegan and his force of 12 cannons and about 5,000 men were entrenched at Olustee, awaiting the Union arrival.

After learning of the Union advance from Barber's Plantation, Finegan ordered cavalry and infantry to advance and skirmish with the Union forces in hopes of drawing them to the Confederate earthworks. As the skirmishing intensified, Finegan ordered General Colquitt forward to feel out the enemy strength. Colquitt took immediate command at the scene and drew additional regiments from their earthworks at Olustee Station to form a battle line several miles ahead.
Here the battle began - a stubborn fight at short range in an open pine barren.
(Map and Chain of Command Picture included)

(Right Panel)
The
Olustee Battlefield, left panel image. Click for full size.
By Olustee Battlefield Marker, `
2. Olustee Battlefield, left panel
Battle

February 20, 1864, started like any other day, but it would become the day of the largest battle fought on Florida soil.
Olustee was one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War.
(Drawing included with battlefield component explanation)
 
Erected by US Park Service, Florida Park Service, Olustee Battlefield.
 
Location. 30° 12.854′ N, 82° 23.36′ W. Marker is in Olustee, Florida, in Baker County. Marker is on Battlefield Trail, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Located on Battlefield Trail (17 Mile Camp Road) 0.3 miles north of U.S. 90. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5815 Battlefield Trail, Sanderson FL 32087, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 14 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Yankees are Coming (within shouting distance of this marker); Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegan (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Battle of Olustee (about 300 feet away); Battle of Ocean Pond (or The Battle of Olustee) (about 300 feet away); A Legacy Remembered (about 500 feet away); Camp at Sanderson (approx. 7.6
Center Panel image. Click for full size.
By Olustee Battlefield Marker,, `
3. Center Panel
miles away); Mount Zion Baptist Church and Swift Creek Cemetery (approx. 8.9 miles away); Union County (approx. 13.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Olustee.
 
Also see . . .
1. Florida State Parks- Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park. This park commemorates the site of Florida's largest Civil War battle (Submitted on April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. Battle of Olustee - Capsule History. The battle was joined on the floor of a forest of virgin pines, free of underbrush. Men fought in the open forest with neither force constructing earthworks. The battle raged until dark, when the Union forces began a hasty retreat. (Submitted on April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

3. Battle of Olustee, from Wikipedia. The Union losses caused Northern authorities to question the necessity of further Union involvement in the militarily insignificant state of Florida. (Submitted on April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

4. Annual Reenactment. On one weekend every February , thousands of reenactors from across the U.S. and even from overseas, come to the Park to reenact the Battle of Olustee. (Submitted on April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Olustee Battlefield Marker, center panel, Map image. Click for full size.
By Olustee Battlefield Marker, `
4. Olustee Battlefield Marker, center panel, Map
 
 
Additional comments.
1. Olustee Battlefield
The reenactment of the Battle of Olustee is co-sponsored by four organizations: the Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park Citizens Support Organization; the Florida Department of Environmental Protection - Recreation and Parks; the USDA Forest Service - Osceola National Forest; and The Blue-Grey Army, Inc.
    — Submitted April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.

2. National Register of Historic Places:
★ Olustee Battlefield (added 1970 - - #70000177)
Also known as Battle of Ocean Pond
2 mi. E of Olustee on U.S. 90 in Osceola National Forest , Olustee
♦ Historic Significance: Event
♦ Area of Significance: Military
♦ Period of Significance: 1850-1874
♦ Owner: Federal
♦ Historic Function: Defense
♦ Historic Sub-function: Battle Site
♦ Current Function: Landscape, Recreation And Culture
♦ Current Sub-function: Museum, Park
    — Submitted April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.

 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Olustee Battlefield Marker, center panel, Chain of Command image. Click for full size.
By Olustee Battlefield Marker
5. Olustee Battlefield Marker, center panel, Chain of Command
Confederate: Brig. Gen. Joseph Finegin,
Brig. Gen. Alfred Colquitt,
Col. George P. Harrison
Union: Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour,
Col. Joseph Hawley,
Col. W.H. Barton
General Truman Seymour USA image. Click for full size.
By U.S. Army Military History Institute
6. General Truman Seymour USA
General Joseph Finegan, C.S.A. image. Click for full size.
Florida State Archives Photographic Collection
7. General Joseph Finegan, C.S.A.
Olustee Battlefield Marker, Right Panel image. Click for full size.
By Olustee Battlefield Marker, `
8. Olustee Battlefield Marker, Right Panel
Olustee Battlefield Marker, right panel "The Battle" image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 30, 2012
9. Olustee Battlefield Marker, right panel "The Battle"
Olustee Battlefield Marker, right panel image. Click for full size.
By Olustee Battlefield Marker, `
10. Olustee Battlefield Marker, right panel
Olustee Battlefield Marker, amid the pine forest as mentioned image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 30, 2012
11. Olustee Battlefield Marker, amid the pine forest as mentioned
Olustee Battlefield Diorama at the Visitor's Center image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 30, 2012
12. Olustee Battlefield Diorama at the Visitor's Center
Olustee Battlefield, 1912 United Daughters of the Confederacy Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 30, 2012
13. Olustee Battlefield, 1912 United Daughters of the Confederacy Memorial
Shares location with the General Finegan on the left and Battle of Ocean Pond Markers on the right.
Olustee Battlefield image. Click for full size.
By Olustee Battlefield Visitor Center, `
14. Olustee Battlefield
The Civil War
The Beginning of the End
February 1864
   For three years the Civil War has raged in this bitterly divided nation. The ragged and hungry Confederate forces on the northern fronts are enduring the winter's biting cold with most supplies from the Western states cut off and the Southern seaports blockaded.
   General Grant's Union Army of the Potomac is waiting for the spring thaw before charging into General Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. General Sherman is amassing 100,000 Union troops in West Tennessee and preparing for a fiery march through Georgia and South Carolina.
   The Confederate states are now relaying heavily on Florida's farmers to furnish beef, pork, beans, potatoes, and salt to sustain its military forces. The Union's attempt to restore Florida to the Union and to cut off these vital supplies, leads here on the afternoon of February 20, 1864, to the Battle of Olustee.
Olustee Battlefield Park, near US 90 image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 30, 2012
15. Olustee Battlefield Park, near US 90
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 23, 2017. This page originally submitted on April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,238 times since then and 97 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on April 28, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.
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