Saco in York County, Maine — The American Northeast (New England)
Sarah Fairﬁeld Hamilton, 1831-1909
Saco Main Street Museum Walk
Sarah Fairfield Hamilton was a founder of the local chapter of the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, and led that organization to create Saco's first kindergarten, a nursery for mill workers' children, summer park programs and other progressive reforms in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
Her father, John Fairfield, was frequently away from home, serving first as Congressman, then Governor and eventually U.S. Senator. When he died unexpectedly in Washington D.C., Sarah assumed the role of second-in-command to her mother regarding her six younger brothers and sisters. Sarah attended Thornton Academy, which was named for her grandfather, Thomas Thornton. She was a student there when it burned in 1848, a year after her father died. She went to Bradford Academy in Massachusetts for one year.
She taught Sunday School at the Unitarian Church in Saco, a congregation that her father had helped organize, where she met Benjamin Franklin Hamilton, supervisor of the Sunday School. Their friendship blossomed into romance and marriage. The Hamiltons purchased half of the Leland mansion at 329 Main Street, now named Thornton Hall, where they remained their entire lives. The Hamiltons had five sons, but only two survived to adulthood.
On a trip to Boston, Sarah encountered Mrs. Abbey Diaz on a horse
For the first several years, the Union met at Sarah's house where discussions on how to improve society permeated the air. Eventually, it was decided that the members' time might be better spent "doing something" rather than "discussing" the community's problems. They invited Mrs. Diaz to return to Saco and she suggested they join the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, an active benevolent association based in Boston. The first program sponsored by the Saco Union was a kindergarten class, held in a room at the rear of City Hall called Froebel Hall after the German kindergarten originator.
Later, when it was noted that children of mill workers were pulled out of school to care for younger siblings, the E. & I. Union founded a nursery. Summer park programs provided care for children during school breaks. Sewing classes and cooking classes were offered for the girls, while industrial arts was offered for the boys and woodworking for adults.
This group of high-powered women pushed for separate and better
Sarah pushed for woman's suffrage and for all the progressive ideas of aiding those less fortunate. She argued that social and educational needs should not be partisan issues. Although Sarah lived to see a member of the Union elected to the school board, she died before women could vote.
Sarah has always been recognized as the Mother of the Women's Educational & Industrial Union. In 1909 a fund was started in her memory. The following year, the Greek Revival Stearns house at 42 Beach Street became the Union's new home and was renamed The Sarah Fairfield Hamilton Memorial Building.
Today, many of the services initiated by Sarah Hamilton and the energetic and innovative E. & I. ladies are considered essential services now offered by the city government or the schools, but they originated in the front parlor of Sarah Fairfield Hamilton's Main Street home.
[Photo captions read]
1. Sarah Fairfield Hamilton.
2. Froebel Hall at the rear of City Hall
3. Sarah Hamilton Memorial on Beach Street.
4. Thornton Hall, where Hamilton lived and the E & I Union was founded.
5. The WEIU shield.
Erected by City of
Location. 43° 29.997′ N, 70° 26.617′ W. Marker is in Saco, Maine, in York County. Marker is on Main Street (Maine Route 9), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 331 Main Street, Saco ME 04072, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dr. Laura Black Stickney, 1879-1961 (within shouting distance of this marker); Jacob Cochran, 1782-1836 (within shouting distance of this marker); Samuel Brannan and the Gold Rush (within shouting distance of this marker); World War Memorial (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Spanish War and Philippine Insurrection Memorial (about 400 feet away); War Memorial (about 400 feet away); A Stone Fort (approx. 0.7 miles away); Fort Saco in 1693 / Le Fort Saco en 1693 (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Saco.
Also see . . . Saco Main Street Museum Walk. (Submitted on May 27, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Categories. • Charity & Public Work • Education • Labor Unions • Women •
Credits. This page was last revised on April 15, 2018. This page originally submitted on May 27, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 460 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 27, 2012, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.