Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Flagstaff in Coconino County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Dry Land Farming

 
 
Dry Land Farming Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
1. Dry Land Farming Marker
Inscription. Volcanic activity to the south produced giant fissures or earthcracks throughout the Wupatki area in the Kaibab Limestone. This formation covers most of the western half of Wupatki National Monument. The Sinagua and Anasazi Indians who inhabited these ancient pueblos probably found the earthcracks to be the most productive farming sites. There is no evidence of streams close by which could be used for water. All of the farming was dependent on the rainfall.

Corn, squash and other crops were planted along the canyon slopes and wash bottoms. Small check dams along the drainage courses provided level areas for farming. These flat areas retained more moisture and the accumulated slit enriched the soil. The bottom of Box Canyon, below the ruins, may have been an ideal area for farming.

Juniper, amaranth, yucca, Indian rice grass and other native plants were used as food, along with antelope, rabbit, squirrels, packrats and reptiles name a few.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 35° 34.686′ N, 111° 28.156′ W. Marker is in Flagstaff, Arizona, in Coconino County. Marker is on Loop Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. From Flagstaff, take US 89 north for 12 miles
Dry Land Farming Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
2. Dry Land Farming Marker
(19km), turn right at sign for Sunset Crater Volcano - Wupatki National Monuments. The Visitor Center is 21 miles (34km) from this junction. Marker is in this post office area: Flagstaff AZ 86001, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ancient Landscapes (within shouting distance of this marker); Box Canyon Ruins (within shouting distance of this marker); A Legacy of the Past (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Sunset Crater Volcano (about 600 feet away); Daily Life (about 600 feet away); Nalakihu (approx. 0.8 miles away); Community (approx. 0.8 miles away); Where Were The Fields? (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Flagstaff.
 
Categories. AnthropologyNative Americans
 
Dry Land Farming Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
3. Dry Land Farming Marker
Dry Land Farming Field image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
4. Dry Land Farming Field
Box Canyon Ruins on the left. image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
5. Box Canyon Ruins on the left.
Box Canyon Ruins on the right. image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
6. Box Canyon Ruins on the right.
Onseed Juniper~Juniperus monosperma image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
7. Onseed Juniper~Juniperus monosperma
Native peoples have countless uses for juniper, but onseed, in particular, is strongly linked to life and death. A woman who wants a female baby might ingest prepared leaves; some may use them for contraception. Newborns are assured good health with various applications, and recieves rattles filled with the tree's seed. At the end of life, juniper cleanses and rids of evil spirits. Hopi: hotski Zuni: ayyik'o Apache: gat izee
Rabbit image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, September 28, 2012
8. Rabbit
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 7, 2012, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. This page has been viewed 483 times since then and 33 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on October 7, 2012, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
Paid Advertisement