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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Pine Springs in Culberson County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Guadalupe Peak

 
 
Guadalupe Peak Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, October 26, 2012
1. Guadalupe Peak Marker
Inscription. Guadalupe Peak, Texas' highest mountain at 8,749 feet above see level, dominates one of the most scenic and least-known areas of the state. It lies behind and to the right of El Capitan (8,078 feet), the sheer wall that rises more than 3,000 feet above this spot to mark the south end of the Guadalupe Range. The starkness of the mountainside belies the lushness that the Guadalupes conceal. Tucked away in their inner folds are watered canyons shaded by bigtooth maples, velvet ash, junipers and ponderosa pines. Just beyond the ridge lies a forest of douglas fir and pine that is home for black bears, mountain lions and deer.

Legends of hidden gold in the mountains go back to Spanish rule. One relates that Apache Chief Geronimo believed the richest gold mines in the western world lay hidden in the Guadalupes. The true value of the area is the scenery and associated life that resemble the same landscape experienced by early inhabitants. Excavators have found spearheads, pictographs and human remains together with the bones of long-extinct bison, dire wolf and musk ox in cliff caves, and carbon-14 dating of remains indicates humans occupied the area 12,000 years ago.

Geologically, the Guadalupe Mountains present spectacular exposure of the Capitan reef, formed by algae and sponges along with other ancient marine life during
Guadalupe Peak Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, October 26, 2012
2. Guadalupe Peak Marker
the Permian period (over 200 million years ago), when much of west Texas and New Mexico was part of the Permian Sea. For centuries, El Capitan has acted as a guidepost for native Americans, Spanish explorers, the U.S. Cavalry and geologists. Today, visitors to Guadalupe Mountains National Park use the same guidepost to explore the timeless wilderness surrounding it, the hidden oasis found in the mountains.
 
Erected 2004 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 7930.)
 
Location. 31° 51.235′ N, 104° 50.678′ W. Marker is near Pine Springs, Texas, in Culberson County. Marker is on U.S. 62/180 4.5 miles north of Texas Highway 54, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in the rest area. Marker is in this post office area: Salt Flat TX 79847, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The "Committee of Five" (approx. 3.1 miles away); Stephen Tyng Mather (approx. 3.1 miles away); Groundbreaking for the Pine Springs Visitor Center (approx. 3.1 miles away); The Airmen (approx. 3.2 miles away); The Pinery (approx. 3.2 miles away); Butterfield Overland Mail (approx. 3.2 miles away); El Paso Salt War (approx. 12.4 miles away).
 
Related marker.
El Capitan (8,078 feet) image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, October 26, 2012
3. El Capitan (8,078 feet)
Guadalupe Peak lies behind and to the right of El Capitan, the sheer wall that rises more than 3,000 feet above this spot.
Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. the original 1963 marker shown.
 
Also see . . .  Guadalupe Mountains National Park. (Submitted on November 30, 2012.)
 
Categories. AnthropologyEnvironment
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on November 29, 2012, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 373 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 29, 2012, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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