Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Oceanside in San Diego County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Walled Garden

Mission San Luis Rey

 
 
Walled Garden Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, December 21, 2012
1. Walled Garden Marker
Inscription.
First panel:
Walled Garden
The Mission grew a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and grains in a number of vast gardens for the use of their community. This garden, located west of the Mission, was walled with adobe bricks to protect it from grazing cattle, and possibly to provide a warmer microclimate for its crops. Grapes, an especially important fruit crop made into acclaimed sacramental wines and bradies, may have been grown here.

The garden wall extended along what is now the west side of Douglas Drive, down Pala Road, along Peyri Road and back up to Douglas. Originally about seven feet high, the walled garden had an entry gate on what is now Peyri Road. Other gates may have been located around the garden's perimeter, but have not yet been identified.

Second panel:
Cistern and Well
Water for this garden was provided by buried fired clay pipes which fed into the fired adobe cistern. The pipes, in turn, tied into an intricate aqueduct system to maintain the water supply for irrigation, as well as drinking water for the community. The cistern was created by stacking fired clay tiles into an excavated pit with a tile floored bottom. The nearby well also provided water for workers in the garden.

Third panel:
Mission
Walled Garden Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, December 21, 2012
2. Walled Garden Marker
San Luis Rey
Long before the arrival of the Franciscan padres in 1798, the area was home to Native Americans who settled along the San Luis Rey River. The Mission San Luis Rey was built to convert these people, whom the Church termed "Luiseno," to Catholicism.

The Mission San Luis Rey was one of the most properous of all the missions in Alta California. Over a period of about 37 years, using largely Luiseno labor, the fathers established an impressive religious compound including a chapel, living quarters, work shops, gardens and fields. Those Luiseno not accommodated within the Mission proper lived in a racheria, located 200 yards north of the Mission.

In 1835, the Mexican government took control of the Mission and its lands. By 1850, the area fell under American domination. President Abraham Lincoln later returned ownership of the missions to the Church, but did not convey much of the surrounding lands formerly associated with them.
 
Location. 33° 14.116′ N, 117° 19.288′ W. Marker is in Oceanside, California, in San Diego County. Marker is on Peyri Road south of Aliento Way, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. This is located just North of the Mission and right across from Heritage Park Village and Museum. Marker is at or near this postal address: 220 Peyri Road, Oceanside CA 92054, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Walled Garden Marker image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, December 21, 2012
3. Walled Garden Marker
At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Mission San Luís Rey de Francia (approx. Ľ mile away); El Camino Real Bell (approx. 3.2 miles away); Guajome Ranch House (approx. 3.9 miles away); Boys of '45 (approx. 4 miles away); Retreat Hell! (approx. 4 miles away); Andrew Jackson Myers (approx. 4.3 miles away); Oceanside Pier (approx. 4.6 miles away); Remember Pearl Harbor (approx. 4.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oceanside.
 
Categories. AgricultureChurches, Etc.Native AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 
Walled Garden Markers image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, December 21, 2012
4. Walled Garden Markers
Walled Garden Markers image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, December 21, 2012
5. Walled Garden Markers
Cistern & Well image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, December 21, 2012
6. Cistern & Well
Walled Garden & Cistern image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, December 21, 2012
7. Walled Garden & Cistern
Mission San Luís Rey image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, October 15, 2010
8. Mission San Luís Rey
Mission San Luís Rey Courtyard Gardens & Ancient Pepper Tree image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, October 15, 2010
9. Mission San Luís Rey Courtyard Gardens & Ancient Pepper Tree
Mission San Luís Rey Lavanderias image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, October 15, 2010
10. Mission San Luís Rey Lavanderias
This is where the Indians washed the clothes and where water would pass thru the gargoyles into tile pools then would route into the orchards and gardens.
Mission San Luís Rey Model circa 1830 image. Click for full size.
By Denise Boose, October 15, 2010
11. Mission San Luís Rey Model circa 1830
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on February 24, 2013, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. This page has been viewed 447 times since then and 47 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. submitted on February 24, 2013, by Denise Boose of Tehachapi, California. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
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