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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Baltimore, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Crimea Mansion

The Arrest of Ross Winans

 
 
Crimea Mansion Marker image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 18, 2008
1. Crimea Mansion Marker
Inscription. On May 11, 1861, Union Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's troops occupied the railroad depot southwest of Baltimore at Relay, where a spur of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's main line turned south to Washington. The seizure of Relay yielded a surprise triumph in the capture of the "Winans Artillery Gun," a rapid-fire steam-powered cannon invented by Ross Winans, before Confederate forces could move it to Harpers Ferry. Winans, a wealthy railroad pioneer well known for his Southern sympathies, often visited his son Thomas D. Winans here at Crimea Mansion.

After Butler's men occupied Federal Hill in Baltimore on May 13, Maj. Benjamin Watson and 50 men from the 6th Massachusetts Infantry came here to arrest Ross Winans on Butler's orders. They ignored the painted logs - "Quaker Guns" or simulated cannons - that the younger Winans had deployed on the ridge below the estate to discourage Federal soldiers from entering the property. When a search of the mansion and grounds failed to locate the elder Winans, the soldiers camped on the property in the event that he should return. They cut down the orchard and burned the trees as firewood. The
Marker location image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck, March 18, 2008
2. Marker location
next day, soldiers arrested Winans at Relay as he returned here by train from an emergency session of Maryland's General Assembly held in Frederick. He was the first civilian arrested in Maryland during the Civil War.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 18.331′ N, 76° 41.928′ W. Marker is in Baltimore, Maryland. Marker is on Eagle Drive. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gwynn Oak MD 21207, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Crimea (a few steps from this marker); Norman Van Allan Reeves (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Chapel (about 800 feet away); Caretaker House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Orianda House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Crimea Estate (approx. 0.2 miles away); Leakin Park at the Crimea Estate (approx. mile away); A Name Before a Place (approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baltimore.
 
More about this marker.
Entrance to the Crimea estate image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck
3. Entrance to the Crimea estate
These eagles face Windsor Mill Road.
The marker features images of "Winans Artillery Gun", Ross Winans, and Benjamin Watson.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Orianda image. Click for full size.
By Christopher Busta-Peck
4. Orianda
The main house of the Crimea estate.
Ross Winans and Major Benjamin Watson image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2012
5. Ross Winans and Major Benjamin Watson
Close-up of photos on marker
Winans' Artillery Gun image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 22, 2012
6. Winans' Artillery Gun
Close-up of illustration on marker
Winans' Steam Gun image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, October 23, 2011
7. Winans' Steam Gun
Reproduction of the Steam Gun at Elkridge Landing.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 19, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. This page has been viewed 3,673 times since then and 64 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 19, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio.   5, 6, 7. submitted on July 28, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.
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