Charlottesville, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Triumph of “The Charlottesville Twelve”
Venable Elementary School. Charles E. Alexander, Raymond Dixon, Regina Dixon, Maurice Henry, Marvin Townsend, William Townsend, Sandra Wicks, Roland T. Woodfolk, Ronald E. Woodfolk.
Lane High School. French Jackson, Donald Martin, John Martin.
On September 8, 1959, nine African American children bravely entered Venable Elementary School by order of U.S. District Court Judge John Paul. With the assistance of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the children’s parents sued the Charlottesville City School Board for equal access. Their fight began in 1955, following the U.S. Supreme Court decision of the 1954 case, Brown v Board of Education. Parents took action to fulfill their civil rights by petitioning the Charlottesville School Board to transfer their children from the segregated Jefferson Elementary School and Jackson P. Burley High School. The School Board chose to take no action on the petition request. In 1956, Judge Paul ruled that Charlottesville must integrate Lane High School and Venable Elementary School. The School Board filed several appeals contesting the decision to comply with integration. Using the strategy of “massive resistance,” Governor James Lindsey Almond, Jr. ordered the closure of Lane. and Venable on September 19, 1958 to prevent the integration of the Charlottesville City Schools. When schools in Charlottesville reopened in February 1959, the School Board provided space in the Board office for students to take classes while they determined how to proceed with a plan for integration. On September 5, 1959, Judge Paul ordered the immediate transfer of twelve students who became known as “The Charlottesville
Erected 2012 by City of Charlottesville.
Location. 38° 2.34′ N, 78° 29.805′ W. Marker is in Charlottesville, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of 14th Street NW and Gordon Avenue, on the left when traveling south on 14th Street NW. Touch for map. It is on the grounds of Venable Elementary School. Marker is at or near this postal address: 406 14th Street NW, Charlottesville VA 22903, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. C. B. Holt Rock House (approx. ¼ mile away); Georgia O’Keeffe (approx. 0.3 miles away); The University “Corner” (approx. 0.4 miles away); University of Virginia (approx. 0.4 miles away); Charlottesville General Hospital (approx. 0.4 miles away); Thomas Jefferson Monument (approx. 0.4 miles away); Barry and Bill Battle (approx. 0.4 miles away); Henry Martin (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charlottesville.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This is a list of Brown v. Board of Education markers.
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Education •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 7, 2013, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 505 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 7, 2013, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.