Chatham in Chatham-Kent County, Ontario — Central Canada
John Brown's Convention 1858
On May 10, 1858, American abolitionist John Brown held the last in a series of clandestine meetings here at First Baptist Church. Brown planned to establish an independent republic within the United States and wage guerrilla war to liberate the South from slavery. He came to Upper Canada to recruit blacks who had fled here in the wake of the Fugitive Slave Law (1850). On October 16, 1859, Brown and 21 supporters seized the government arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, and held it against counter-attack for two days. Brown, executed as a traitor, became for many a martyr and hero. His actions escalated the tensions between North and South that led to civil war in 1861.
Le 10 mai 1858, l'abolitionniste américain John Brown tient la dernière réunion d'une série de réunions clandestines ici à la First Baptist Church. Brown prévoit établir une république indépendante aux États-Unis et mener une guerre de partisans pour libérer le Sud de l'esclavage. Il vient au Haut-Canada recruter des Noirs qui s'étaient enfuis ici après l'adoption de la loi sur les esclaves fugitifs (1850). Le 16 octobre 1859, Brown et 21 partisans s'emparent de l'arsenal militaire à Harpers Ferry en Virginie et résistent aux contre-attaques pendant deux jours. Brown, qui est exécuté en tant que
Erected 1956 by Ontario Heritage Foundation, an agency of the Government of Ontario.
Location. 42° 24.357′ N, 82° 10.554′ W. Marker is in Chatham, Ontario, in Chatham-Kent County. Marker is on King Street East just east of Prince Street South, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. This historical marker is located in Chatham, east of the downtown business district, in a residential neighborhood, in front of the First Baptist Church, between Princess and Prince Streets. Marker is at or near this postal address: 135 King Street East, Chatham, Ontario N7M 3N1, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Abolition Movement in British North America (a few steps from this marker); Chatham Armoury (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Chatham Blockhouse (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Tecumseh (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); The Forks (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Skirmish at the Forks (approx. 0.7 kilometers British Encampment: Forks of the Thames (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); a different marker also named Skirmish at the Forks (approx. 0.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chatham.
Also see . . . Ontario Heritage Trust - First Baptist Church Chatham. This is a link to information provided by the Ontario Heritage Trust. (Submitted on January 20, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on January 20, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,220 times since then and 222 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 20, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.