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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Jim Crow on the Books

 
 
Jim Crow on the Books Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Pfingsten, April 5, 2014
1. Jim Crow on the Books Marker
Inscription. The first march to City Hall was organized in 1955 by Rev. Fred L. Shuttlesworth when he petitioned the city to hire Negro policemen. By 1963, thousands of Blacks marched on City Hall to protest Jim Crow laws that were a constant reminder of Blacks' second-class status in America. Such laws robbed them of fair voting, and public facility rights. Separate water fountains, restrooms, schools, public transportation and other facilities were marked with "Whites Only" and "Colored" or "Negroes" signs. Separate did not mean equal; facilities for Blacks were substandard to ones for Whites. When Supreme Court rulings in the 1950s began reversing the legal basis for Jim Crow nationally, Blacks in Birmingham and throughout the American South began to disobey segregation laws, demanding that the laws be repealed.
 
Location. 33° 30.994′ N, 86° 48.86′ W. Marker is in Birmingham, Alabama, in Jefferson County. Marker is on 6th Avenue N. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Birmingham AL 35203, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (a few steps from this marker); Don't Tread on Me (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Don't Tread on Me (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (a few steps from this marker); Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth (within shouting distance of this marker); Police Presence (within shouting distance of this marker); Sixteenth Street Baptist Church (within shouting distance of this marker); The Children's Crusade (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Birmingham.
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil Rights
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on April 16, 2014, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 361 times since then and 42 times this year. Last updated on April 16, 2014, by Keith S Smith of West Chester, Pennsylvania. Photo   1. submitted on April 16, 2014, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.
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