San Diego in San Diego County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
San Diego Bay
Homeport to America’s Finest City
One of the most beautiful and exemplary natural harbors in the world, San Diego Bay is steeped in rich maritime heritage and continues to serve today as a bustling port of call. Home to the Navy’s Pacific fleet, a variety of sport fishing craft, thousands of pleasure boats, and an increasing number of commercial and cruise ships, San Diego Bay is a top destination for coastal and foreign trade. The waterfront is an eclectic mix of industries, with aerospace and shipbuilding operations sharing the coastline with the architecturally stimulating San Diego Convention Center, shopping areas, fine restaurants, and hotels — making the harbor a year-round playground for boating enthusiasts and landlubbers alike.
A Military Center
San Diego Bay’s value as a military port was first realized in 1908, when the United States Navy’s battleship fleet sailed into the harbor on a world tour. Shortly thereafter, the War Department made plans to dredge the bay, making way for larger ships. The military continued to expand its presence during the 1920s — establishing a Marine Corps Recruit Depot, a Naval Training Station, and a U.S. Navy Hospital—and in 1923 San Diego became the
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
Portuguese Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo won fame as one of the first explorers to arrive in San Diego Bay, claiming the territory for Spain in 1542. Naming his discovery San Miguel, Cabrillo sailed the San Salvador northward, only to perish months later in the Channel Islands off Santa Barbara.
The Park-to-Bay Link project connects two of San Diego’s most visited destinations – San Diego Bay and Balboa Park – with a pedestrian-friendly passage. Designed to improve usage of light rail transit, buses, and the Coaster for cross-country commutes, the thoroughfare combines housing, shopping, offices, and other attractions. The concept dates back to 1908 when landscape architect John Nolan proposed a grand “paseo” or “boulevard” as part of his master plan for the city.
Star of India
Built in 1863, the Star of India sat dormant for more than 50 years before the people of San Diego undertook her restoration in 1976. Today, this majestic ship makes her home on the bay, and holds the distinction of being the oldest active sailing
From her commission in 1945, more than 200,000 American veterans served aboard the USS Midway. Now retired, the aircraft carrier’s latest mission is a far cry from its days of combat: serving as the San Diego Aircraft Carrier Museum. Multidimensional, interactive educational exhibits and an entertainment complex are all part of the master plan for this floating museum — one of only a few of its kind on the West Coast.
Pleasure and Transportation
San Diego Bay is undoubtedly one of the city’s most accessible and enjoyable attractions. A wide variety of boating experiences await the seaworthy, from personal pleasure craft and luxury yachting adventures to convenient, relaxing water taxis and ferries to and from Coronado Island.
Port of Call
The B Street Cruise Ship Terminal plays host to an array of cruise ships year-round, serving as a debarkation point for enjoying downtown San Diego’s many attractions.
The Gray Whale migration past San Diego Bay offers a unique opportunity to observe one of nature’s largest mammals. Thousands of Gray Whales make the pilgrimage, heading south each winter to the mating and calving lagoons of Mexico, and returning north in the spring to Alaska’s feeding waters. Once in jeopardy, it is the only whale to be
Making Aviation History
San Diego has several aviation history milestones to its credit. In 1911, aviator Glenn Curtiss landed his floating biplane alongside the USS Pennsylvania in San Diego Bay. After convincing the U.S. Navy to invest $25,000 in the development of naval aviation, he opened the first military aviation school in the nation at North Island.
Shortly thereafter, in 1923, pioneer aviator, T. Claude Ryan, started Ryan Airlines, introducing the first commuter flights from San Diego to Los Angeles. Ryan also established the defense manufacturing industry in San Diego with his Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical. One of the company’s fist customers was Charles A. Lindbergh, who hired the company to build The Spirit of St. Louis — leaving for his history-making flight just two months later.
In 1935, Reuben H. Fleet brought his Consolidated Aircraft factory to San Diego from Buffalo, New York. This enterprise merged with other companies to form Convair, and eventually became known as General Dynamics — which reigned for many years as one of the world’s largest defense contractors. San Diego’s popular Space Theatre was named to honor Fleet’s role in the community’s aviation history.
A Thriving Tuna Fishing Industry
The Brown Pelican is a common sight around San Diego Bay and Southern California. Though the brown pelican once bred in enormous colonies, its population declined drastically after World War II as a result of DDT and related pesticides. Today it remains on the Endangered Species List in California.
Pacific Green Sea Turtles
With a life span of longer than half a century, this threatened species relies on protected bays and lagoon habitats, and is occasionally spotted in San Diego Bay.
Harbor Seals can be seen swimming around the San Diego Bay. Since Harbor Seals do not migrate, they spend their entire lives along the same stretch of coastline. They can be observed along local beaches, rocky points, and man-made buoys.
Approximately 35 species of seahorses are found worldwide in tropical and temperate waters, ranging in size from 2 t0 14 inches. This delicate creature’s mating ritual is unique — the female deposits eggs into the male’s abdomen pouch, allowing him to fertilize the eggs and later give birth.
Location. 32° 42.34′ N, 117° 9.71′ W. Marker is in San Diego, California, in San Diego County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Convention Way and Marina Park Way, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located behind the San Diego Convention Center. Marker is at or near this postal address: 111 W Harbor Drive, San Diego CA 92101, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Downtown San Diego (within shouting distance of this marker); Balboa Park (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Buel-Town Building 1898 (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cotheret Building, 1903 (approx. ¼ mile away); Frey Block, 1911 (approx. ¼ mile away); Chinese Mission Building, 1927 (approx. ¼ mile away); Quong Building, 1913 (approx. ¼ mile away); William Heath Davis House, 1850 (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Diego.
Categories. • Air & Space • Environment • Exploration • Industry & Commerce • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 23, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 443 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 23, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.