Near Collinsville in Madison County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
City of the Sun
Indians of the Mississippian culture built this community and many other large and small ones throughout the Mississippi floodplain and the adjacent uplands. Cahokia was the center of a large complex chiefdom that had ceremonial and trade connections to other Mississippian sites throughout the Midwest and Southeast.
The decline of Cahokia may be attributed to a combination of many factors, including depletion of resources in the region; internal social and political unrest; external friction and conflicts with other groups; climatic changes affecting crops and local flora and fauna; soil exhaustion due to intensive agriculture; and loss of control and influence over contemporary sites and groups.
The location and distribution of mounds at Cahokia form a rough diamond with Monks Mound at its center. Canteen Creek, right, joins Cahokia Creek, which flows into the Mississippi River.
(Lower Left Illustration Caption)
Long distance trade brought many exotic materials to Cahokia’s markets, including Gulf Coast and Atlantic sea shells; copper from around Lake Superior; mica from the southern Appalachians; and chert (flint), salt, minerals and other goods from throughout the Midwest.
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Central Cahokia about A.D. 1150-1200
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Families lived in pole-and-thatch houses around the 120 mounds of this ancient city. Ceremonial buildings and the homes of the elite stood on top of the many platform mounds.
Erected by Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
Location. 38° 39.609′ N, 90° 3.547′ W. Marker is near Collinsville, Illinois, in Madison County. Marker can be reached from Collins Lane 0.1 miles north of Collinsville Road. Touch for map. Collins Lane ends in a parking lot for the trail to Monks Mound; marker is located at the northwest corner of the parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Collinsville IL 62234, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Stockade (within shouting distance of this marker); Monks Mound (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Grand Plaza (approx. 0.3 miles away); Woodhenge (approx. 0.8 miles away); Lewis and Clark and St. Louis Riverfront (approx. 7 miles away in Missouri); La Grande Rue (approx. 7 miles away in Missouri); Old Mission Hotel (approx. 7 miles away in Missouri); The Captains' Return (approx. 7.1 miles away in Missouri). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Collinsville.
Also see . . . Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. Official website of Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site. (Submitted on June 28, 2014.)
Categories. • Man-Made Features • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 28, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 349 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on June 28, 2014, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. 8. submitted on December 27, 2012, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.