Chickamauga in Walker County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Crittenden's corps at Lee and Gordon's Mills
Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail
After placing a "strong cordon of outposts and pickets" along the western side of the creek, the Federal Army occupied the site. Some of the soldiers explored the buildings around the mill complex. Colonel Emerson Opdyke, 125th Ohio Infantry Regiment. later wrote: "the mills here are good and there is a large amount of wheat stored but the rebels destroyed the machinery."
This advance party was joined at Lee and Gordon's Mills the next day by the other two divisions of General Thomas L. Crittenden's 21st Federal Army Corps. The divisions under General John M. Palmer and Horatio Van Cleve took up positions north of the mills, while Wood's brigades remained directly on the site. The 3rd Wisconsin Artillery Battery also arrived at the mills that afternoon. With orders from General Rosecrans on September 13th directing him "to try stoutly to maintain the position at Gordon's Mills, but if attacked by a superior force,
Throughout the day on September 12th, Confederate General Leonidas Polk received reports indicating a major Federal advance toward his position from the Lee and Gordon Mills area. Acting on the mistaken belief that he would be facing an entire Federal corps, the bishop general deployed his troops up a broad front facing northward. Nevertheless, except for a brief reconnaissance conducted by General Charles G. Harker with two regiments on the 14th, there was no further action of consequence in the vicinity of Lee and Gordon's Mills during the next few days. General Wood made his headquarters in James Lee's house, west of the mill, and his men remained in their fortified positions on the grounds.
The men of General Crittenden's Corps remained in their fortified positions on the grounds of Lee and Gordon's Mills. Between 11 a.m. and noon on the 18th the advance of Confederate skirmishers against the Federal right front began. Confederate infantry drove the Federal pickets back to the west side of West Chickamauga Creek, but made no effort at that time to follow the Federals across the stream."
Throughout the afternoon an artillery duel was fought. The Confederate infantry lay flat, and the federal artillery shells did little damage. Many of the Federal shells, one Confederate officer, observed,
That night, the Confederates crossed the creek in strength further north of the mills, and on the morning of September 19, the Battle of Chickamauga began, General Crittenden and the men of his corps were pulled north to join in the general fighting of the battle.
Erected by Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 34° 53.005′ N, 85° 16.032′ W. Marker is in Chickamauga, Georgia, in Walker County. Marker can be reached from Red Belt Road south of Lee-Gordon Mill Circle. This historical marker is located on the grounds of the historic Lee-Gordon Mill, on the northern edge of the visitor's parking lot, along with two other panel, historical markers. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chickamauga GA 30707, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General Joe Wheeler's Attack (here, next to this marker); Start of the Atlanta Campaign (here, next to this marker); Lee and Gordon's Mill 3rd Confederate Georgia Cavalry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Wood's Division (about 300 feet away); 3rd Georgia Cavalry (about 300 feet away); Crittenden's Headquarters Shell Monument (about 300 feet away); Lytle's Brigade (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chickamauga.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 13, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 438 times since then and 23 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on August 13, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.