On the east side of the West Chickamauga Creek, a short distance from Lee and Gordon's Mills, on the LaFayette Road, was the imposing "Snow Hill" plantation that had been established by James H. Hunt. He operated the area's post office, called Snow . . . — — Map (db m82789) HM
Glass's Mill was a multi-story frame structure that stood on the southeastern bank of West Chickamauga Creek about two miles from Crawfish Spring, providing the grain grinding needs for a number of families living in the surrounding area. Glass's . . . — — Map (db m82817) HM
After the war, whenever veterans got together, there was much talk of great artillery duels. many would speak of General Thomas' battle line of cannons at Chickamauga. But in fact, the only real artillery duel of the battle took place at Glass's . . . — — Map (db m82840) HM
John S. Henderson, the son of a Scottish immigrant, came to the local area from Tennessee with his brother William and an African slave woman named Millie. He bought land that included the old farm of Jesse Lane, where the stage stopped, another . . . — — Map (db m82792) HM
Text on the Front Side:
Dedicated to the honor and valor of the men of 1st Company H,
26th Tennessee Confederate Infantry Regiment July 8, 1861, reorganized as 2nd Company I, 1st Georgia Confederate
Infantry Regiment, November 8, . . . — — Map (db m106548) HM WM
There were humans living in what is now Walker County as early as around 10,000 B.C. For thousands of years the people subsisted through hunting and gathering of wild plant foods. The Middle Woodland period (ca. 200 B.C. - 400 A.D.) was marked by . . . — — Map (db m77661) HM
At the base of Lookout Mountain, in 1863, there was a crossroads community known as Bailey's Crossroads. All three of these areas had considerable action during the Chickamauga Campaign in September 1863. The first of these to be entered by the . . . — — Map (db m194484) HM
Bird's Mill was built on West Chickamauga Creek during the 1840's by Philemon Bird, a member of a prominent and wealthy Georgia family. The mill was constructed well away
from the creek on a long mill race that was dug by hand to bring the water to . . . — — Map (db m168205) HM
Boynton, born in Henry County, Georgia, enlisted as a private in the thirtieth Georgia Regiment and rose to the rank of Colonel of the Regiment. His regiment bore its full share of danger and toil and the regiment never went into action except . . . — — Map (db m88976) HM
Bragg, born in Warrenton, North Carolina, graduated from West Point in 1837 and joined the artillery. Bragg saw service in the Seminole War and the Mexican War before resigning from the army in 1856. Bragg joined the Confederate Army and became . . . — — Map (db m82726) HM
In 1895, the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park became the country's first National Military Park. The following year, Congress passed legislation allowing the Military Park to be used as a training ground for the Army. As war with . . . — — Map (db m82704) HM
Brigadier General Robert B. Mitchell.
September 17th to September 22, 1863.
1st Division - Colonel Edward M. McCook.
2d Division - Brigadier General George Crook.
The Cavalry Corps . . . — — Map (db m77541) HM
Present building completed in 1924, rededication, 1952. Organized by once enslaved and first generation freed African Americans. During segregation, in Walker County's African American communities, Masons are active in the building & support of . . . — — Map (db m168181) HM
Clark was born to a fifteen year old enslaved African woman named Emeline in January, 1848. He was born and grew up in one of the six two-room brick slave houses on the Gordon Plantation in what is now the town of Chickamauga. James Gordon came to . . . — — Map (db m77679) HM
Enslaved Africans created the Gone with the Wind-like society of prewar Georgia. James Gordon came to this area shortly after Cherokee removal. He bought several of the land lottery lots and established a slave plantation. As his wealth grew, he . . . — — Map (db m82702) HM
The first obstacle facing the Federal Army in the September 1863 invasion of Walker County was getting over Lookout Mountain. Cooper's Gap, Stevens' Gap, and Dougherty's Gap proved to be serviceable. "Ascertaining that the rebels were just . . . — — Map (db m168059) HM
Crawfish Spring was the first name given to the modern community Chickamauga, Georgia. Cherokees lived in this area before their forced removal in 1838, with their Chickamauga District courthouse located near the spring. In the 1840s an early white . . . — — Map (db m12314) HM
Crittenden, born in Russelville, Kentucky, was a lawyer before the war, and served as US Council in Liverpool, England. He joined the military and fought in the Mexican War. He commanded the 21st Corp at Chickamauga. After the war he served as . . . — — Map (db m88980) HM
On September 11, the last Confederate forces withdrew around 4:30 p.m. across the creek to a stand of timber about a half mile east of the mills. Harker's federals moved into position near the mills at that time.
After placing a "strong cordon . . . — — Map (db m192509) HM
Field Headquarters Army of the Cumberland.
Major General William S. Rosecrans.
From morning September 16th to 11 a.m. September 19th, 1863.
14th Army Corps - Major General George H. Thomas.
20th Army Corps . . . — — Map (db m77556) HM
In the late morning of September 20, 1863, General Joseph Wheeler's cavalry rode north along the east side of West Chickamauga Creek to the area opposite Lee and Gordon's Mills. They arrived at that point around 3:00 p.m. Most of Wheeler's . . . — — Map (db m76189) HM
Hood, born in Owingsville, Kentucky, graduated from West Point in 1853 and joined the infantry. He saw frontier duty where he was wounded. He resigned from the US Army in 1861. He commanded Hood's Division of Longstreet's Corp at Chickamauga, . . . — — Map (db m88978) HM
Hospitals, Right Wing, Union Army.
Surgeon Glover Perin, U.S.A., Medical Director, Army of the Cumberland.
Assistant Surgeon Dallas Bache, U.S.A., Assistant Medical Director, Army of the Cumberland.
Surgeon F.H. Gross, U.S. Volunteers, . . . — — Map (db m77576) HM
Lee & Gordon's Mills became a familiar landmark
for Federal and Confederate soldiers before and during
the Battle of Chickamauga in
September 1863. It is located
along West Chickamauga Creek
on the vital “State Road" between
Chattanooga . . . — — Map (db m142897) HM
Lee and Gordon's Mill was built by James Gordon shortly after he came to this region from Gwinnett County in 1836. He rebuilt the grist mill in 1857, adding a saw mill and the first general store in this section. At the outbreak of the War . . . — — Map (db m13189) HM
Lee, born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, graduated from West Point in 1829 and joined the engineers. He saw action in the Mexican War. He served as superintendant of West Point 1852-55. He refused the offer to command the US troops at the . . . — — Map (db m82755) HM
Near this spot,
Lieut. George W. Landrum,
2d. Ohio Regiment,
Member of the Signal Corps,
and serving upon
The staff of Gen. Thomas,
Fell Sept. 20, 1863,
While bearing a message from
Gen. Thomas to Gen. Rosecrans.
Erected by . . . — — Map (db m124031) HM WM
General James Longstreet, C.S.A., was in command of the left wing of the Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Braxton Bragg. Longstreet's forces broke the federal lines at the Brotherton house, which threw the Union Army into full retreat to . . . — — Map (db m88975) HM
On January 28, 1850, Martin Davis purchased 160 acres of land along the Chickamauga Creek in Walker County, Georgia. Here a short time later, at the foot of Pigeon Mountain and with a clear view of Lookout Mountain, Martin would move his family . . . — — Map (db m155502)
Captain Horace Porter was Chief of
Ordnance for the , Army of the
Cumberland. During the Battle of
Chickamauga Porter served as a
volunteer aide to General
Rosecrans. During the Confederate
breakthrough on September
20 Rosecrans yelled, . . . — — Map (db m142987) HM
At the start of the American Civil War
William E. Richey enlisted in Company A of the
15" Ohio Infantry Regiment. He was a corporal
when he came to north Georgia in September
In his report of the
battle, Lieutenant Colonel
Frank . . . — — Map (db m142990) HM
Unlike most Civil War soldiers,
William J. Carson (1) did not join one of
the state volunteer regiments but went in
the 15th United States Infantry
Regiment. As a musician he rallied his
unit in every action from Shiloh to
Chickamauga. In . . . — — Map (db m192754) HM
Text on the first of two tablets:
Negley's Division, - Thomas' Corps.
Major General James S. Negley.
September 19th, 1863, Morning.
1st Brigade, - Brigadier General John Beatty.
2nd Brigade, - Colonel Timothy R. Stanley. . . . — — Map (db m103073) HM
In 1898 the Spanish-American war allowed the South to demonstrate its loyalty and honor under fire. At first, secretary of war Russell A. Alger, was concerned that Southerners would not support the war due to bitterness over losing the Civil War. He . . . — — Map (db m82710) HM
In 1863 there was a thriving farming
community along West Chickamauga
Creek in the vicinity of Birds Mill. One of the most important plantations was the
Childress Plantation. Significance of this
family was such that the road now known
as Old . . . — — Map (db m168204) HM
Palmer's Division .......... Crittenden's Corps.
Major General John M. Palmer.
September 19th, 1863, forenoon
1st Brigade - Brigadier General Charles Cruft.
2nd Brigade - Brigadier General William B. Hazen.
3rd Brigade - Colonel . . . — — Map (db m103093) HM
Rosencrans, born in Delaware County, Ohio, graduated from West Point in 1842 and joined the engineers. He resigned from the U.S. Army in 1845 and became an architect and civil engineer. He commanded the Army of the Cumberland, which was defeated at . . . — — Map (db m82727) HM
As the summer of 1898 wore on complaints of sickness in Camp Thomas grew. Sanitary conditions were extremely unfavorable. The soldiers lacked bathing facilities, and those sent to Crawfish Springs to get drinking water drove their teams into the . . . — — Map (db m82714) HM
Despite stout resistance by Confederate cavalrymen on the morning of September 10, Union Major General James Negley was able to deploy his men into a line of battle east of Davis' Crossroads (a few yards in front of you). However, the Federals . . . — — Map (db m88679) HM
McLemore Cove is a sheltered valley located between the long finger of Lookout Mountain and the thumb-like spur of Pigeon Mountain. On September 9, the advance elements of the Federal 14th Corps, under the command of Major General James S. . . . — — Map (db m88680) HM
With four railroads and access to several natural passes through the Southern Appalachian Mountains, Chattanooga was the gateway to the deep South. The Union army's objective — to capture and destroy the Confederacy's industrial centers in . . . — — Map (db m88683) HM
Following the Federal victories at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge in November, 1863, the Confederate army withdrew to Dalton, Georgia. The Federal Army at Chattanooga conducted periodic patrols into Walker County to forage and for . . . — — Map (db m76188) HM
Jesse Stephens was a famer living at the base of the mountain. Although the Federal records usually misspelled his name as Stevens, the name of the gap and road are derived from him. The 1860 Federal Census shows him as a 54 year old Georgia native. . . . — — Map (db m168071) HM
When he first came to the area, James Gordon lived in the old Cherokee log house located in what was called the “Fort Field.” While here he determined to build the grandest house in the area. The full effort took seven years, and in 1847 . . . — — Map (db m82701) HM
At the start of the war some of the Walker County men retained their Unionist sympathies, but Lincoln's announcement of an unconstitutional military invasion of the south to force the seceding states back into the Union caused most of them to . . . — — Map (db m77627) HM
The presence of military troops at the Chickamauga Park during the Spanish American war constituted the most activities seen there since the Civil War. A small community, called Lytle, grew up just outside the camp.
A contemporary description . . . — — Map (db m82705) HM
Thomas, born in Southampton County, Virginia, graduated from West Point in 1840 and joined the artillery. He saw action in the Seminole War and the Mexican War and had frontier duty. He commanded the 14th Corp at Chickamauga. He became known as the . . . — — Map (db m82748) HM
On September 18, 1863, the Confederate forces began a preliminary push against Reed's Bridge and Alexander's Bridge on the extreme left of the Federal position. Colonels Minty and Wilder, stationed at these bridges, had given General William . . . — — Map (db m82787) HM
Twenty-First Army Corps.
Major General Thomas L. Crittenden.
1st Division -- Brigadier General Thomas J. Wood.
2d Division -- Major General John M. Palmer.
3d Division -- Brigadier General Horatio P. Van Cleve. . . . — — Map (db m76128) HM
Van Cleve's Division - Crittenden's Corps.
Brigadier General Horatio P. Van Cleve.
September 19th, 1863, 4 P.M.
1st Brigade - Brigadier General Samuel Beatty.
2nd Brigade - Colonel George F. Dick.
3rd Brigade - Colonel Sidney M. . . . — — Map (db m103128) HM
Wheeler's Cavalry Corps,
Major General Joseph Wheeler,
September 20, 1863, 7 P.M.
Wharton's Division - Brigadier General John A. Wharton.
Martin's Division - Brigadier General William T. Martin. . . . — — Map (db m77546) HM
Colonel John T. Wilder, USA
Wilder led the bombardment of the Confederate positions in Chattanooga August 21 and convinced Bragg that an invasion of Chattanooga was going to happen. His Corp defended Alexander's Bridge and the LaFayette . . . — — Map (db m89082) HM
Wood's Division - Crittenden's Corps.
Brigadier General Thomas J. Wood.
September 11th, until 3 P.M. September 19th, 1863
1st Brigade - Colonel George P. Buell.
2d Brigade - Brigadier General . . . — — Map (db m76121) HM