Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Relations between the whites and Indians quickly soured. In the fall of 1609, the English built Fort Algernourne at Point Comfort. The following July, they attacked Kecoughtan, killing several of the inhabitants, driving out the rest, taking over their cultivated fields and erecting forts near the entrance of Hampton River. It was a rough beginning for what was to become the oldest, continuously inhabited English settlement in America.
In 1619, the General Assembly changed the name from Kecoughtan to Elizabeth City, honoring the daughter of King James. That same year, about 20 Africans were
Elizabeth City quickly became the leading port and population center in Virginia. All merchant ships were required to stop and pay customs duties. A tobacco inspection warehouse was a fixture on the waterfront. Captains, seamen, and shipwrights crowded the docks and populated taverns and rooming houses. In 1691, a town was laid out and half-acre lots sold. In 1706, almost a century from that first arrival, the town’s name was officially changed to Hampton.
(lower left) North Devon sgraffito slipware plate, inscribed “1668.” This plate fragment was unearthed during archaeological excavations of the trading plantation of Thomas Jarvis, who was a ship captain, merchant, and tobacco planter. The plantation was located near today’s intersection of King Street and Pembroke Avenue. – Courtesy of the Hampton History Museum
(upper center) Tobacco Production, painted by Sidney King for the 350th anniversary of the settlement at Jamestown. – Courtesy of National Park Service, Colonial National Historical Park
(lower right) Detail from “The Towne of Pomeiooc,” an engraving by Theodore de Bry, based on watercolor paintings by John White depicting
Location. 37° 1.473′ N, 76° 20.607′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of Settlers Landing Road (U.S. 60) and South King Street, on the left when traveling west on Settlers Landing Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 602 Settlers Landing Road, Hampton VA 23669, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Eighteenth-Century Hampton (here, next to this marker); Twentieth-Century Hampton (here, next to this marker); Ninteenth-Century Hampton (a few steps from this marker); Langley Field: Creating an Air Force (a few steps from this marker); Langley Field: Discovering Aerospace (a few steps from this marker); Hampton (within shouting distance of this marker); British Approach to Hampton / The War of 1812 (within shouting distance of this marker); Hampton Is Burned (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Hampton.
Also see . . . This is Hampton, Virginia. Hampton Convention & Visitor Bureau (Submitted on September 2, 2014.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • Exploration • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers •
More. Search the internet for Seventeenth-Century Hampton.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 11, 2018. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 515 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 2, 2014, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.