Greenwood in Leflore County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
Fort Pemberton Park
In the 1863 Campaign against Vicksburg, General Grant tried several approaches, one being to send troops on transports down the Tallahatchie and Yazoo Rivers. He cut the Mississippi River levee in February which flooded the several bayous between the Mississippi and Tallahatchie Rivers, making a navigable connection. Twenty-two transports (with 5000 troops), two ironclads, two rams and six light draft gunboats made up the first expedition, which was later reinforced with another brigade and additional vessels. It took several weeks to make the two hundred mile trip as the bayous were narrow and tortuous.
Apprised of the Federal plans the Confederate General John C. Pemberton ordered a fort to be constructed to block the enemy forces. The engineers selected a location where the Tallahatchie makes an abrupt turn easterly, the river flowing to this point in a straight stretch. There being room for only two gunboats abreast, thus the Confederates would be shooting down a straight alley. The fort was hastily built of cotton bales covered with earth, and named Fort Pemberton. It had but a few light guns, but one an eight inch rifle, was very accurate. The fort was manned by 1500 men under command of Brig. Gen. W.W. Loring. Cutting the levees had flooded the area and the only approach to the fort was by water. To further impede
The Federal Flotilla arrived at Fort Pemberton on March 11th, and the two ironclads attacked at 1000 yards, but both were damaged after several attempts to reduce the fort. The Federal fleet retired to the Mississippi. Grant had failed to reach Vicksburg by the Tallahatachie-Yazoo route
Part of the fort is included in the park and some of the original breastworks may be easily recognized.
Erected 1958 by the LeFlore County Board of Supervisors.
Location. 33° 31.851′ N, 90° 14.032′ W. Marker is in Greenwood, Mississippi, in Leflore County. Marker is at the intersection of U.S. 82 and Levee Road, on the right when traveling west on U.S. 82. Touch for map. Off the road, down in a small clearing in the park. Marker is in this post office area: Greenwood MS 38930, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hubert Sumlin (approx. 1.9 miles away); Guitar Slim (approx. 2 miles away); Bobbie Gentry (approx. 2.4 miles away); Robert Johnson (approx. 2.5 miles away); Confederate Memorial Plot (approx. Old Greenwood Cemetery (approx. 2.6 miles away); Charles Edward Wright (approx. 2.9 miles away); Greenwood (approx. 2.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Greenwood.
Also see . . . Civil War Album on Fort Pemberton. (Submitted on September 21, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 21, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 299 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 21, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.