Massacre Canyon is the large canyon about half a mile west of here. The battle took place in and along this canyon when a Pawnee hunting party of about 700, confident of protection from the government, was surprised by a War Party of Sioux. The Pawnee, badly outnumbered and completely surprised, retreated into the head of the canyon about two miles northwest of here. The battle was the retreat of the Pawnee down the canyon to the Republican.
The Pawnee reached the Republican River, about a mile and a half south of here, and crossed to the other side. The Sioux were ready to pursue them still further, but a unit of cavalry arrived and prevented further fighting.
The defeat so broke the strength and the spirit of the tribe that it moved from its reservation in central Nebraska to Oklahoma.
Erected by Historical Land Mark Council. (Marker Number 8.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Nebraska State Historical Society marker series.
Location. 40° 12.434′ N, 100° 57.804′
Other nearby markers. At least 2 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Old Texas Ogallala Trail (approx. 4.3 miles away); Culbertson (approx. 6.8 miles away).
More about this marker. This marker is located at Massacre Canyon Park, about 3.5 miles east of Trenton on US 34.
Also see . . . Massacre Canyon - Wikipedia. The battle occurred when a combined Oglala/Brulé Sioux war party of over 1000 warriors attacked a party of Pawnee on their summer buffalo hunt. According to Indian agent John W. Williamson, who accompanied the hunting party, "On the 2d day of July, 1873, the Indians, to the number of 700, left Genoa for the hunting grounds. Of this number 350 were men, the balance women and children." (Submitted on December 4, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 4, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 279 times since then and 58 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 4, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.