Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Fred David Gray
Civil Rights Attorney and Legislator / Advocate for Victims and History
Born in 1930 in Montgomery, Gray was among the foremost civil rights attorneys of the 20th century. Forced by segregation to leave Alabama to attend law school, he vowed to return and "destroy everything segregated I could find." Over a six-decade career, his cases desegregated transportation, education. housing, law enforcement, public accommodations, and government. In the U.S. Supreme Court, Browder v. Gayle won the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Gomillion v. Lightfoot ended gerrymandering of Tuskegee and set the stage for "one man, one vote." Lee v. Macon desegregated all Alabama public elementary and secondary schools. Dixon v. Alabama extended the rights of college students. His clients included Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr., John Lewis, Vivian Malone, Harold Franklin, Freedom Riders, Selma-to-Montgomery marchers, and Tuskegee Syphilis Study victims. In 1970, he and Thomas Reed were the first African Americans since Reconstruction elected to the Alabama Legislature. In 2002, he was the first African American president of the Alabama Bar Association.
Gray represented the 623 victims of the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis Study,
Erected 2015 by the Alabama Tourism Department and the Tuskegee History Center.
Location. 32° 22.647′ N, 86° 18.239′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Dexter Avenue and South Hull Street, on the right when traveling east on Dexter Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 300 Dexter Avenue, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Jonathan Coggswell Farley / Montgomery's First Election (within shouting distance of this marker); History of the Alabama State Bar (within shouting distance of this marker); Naval Heroes of the War of 1812 (within shouting distance of this marker); Lucien Dunbibben Gardner (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); James Edwin Livingston (about 300 feet away); Clement Clay "Bo" Torbert, Jr. (about 300 feet away); Howell Thomas Heflin (about 300 feet away); Ernest C. “Sonny” Hornsby (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
More about this marker. Although marker shows 2014 as date, the marker was erected in February 2015.
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on Fred Gray. (Submitted on February 15, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. The Encyclopedia of Alabama biography on Fred Gray. (Submitted on February 15, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • African Americans • Civil Rights • Politics •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 11, 2017. This page originally submitted on February 15, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 402 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on February 15, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.