Trenton in Gibson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Fighting for Trenton
Forrest's Artillery Position
—Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid —
Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led his cavalry brigade on a raid through West Tennessee, Dec. 15, 1862 - Jan. 3, 1863, destroying railroads and severing Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's supply line between Columbus, Kentucky and Vicksburg, Mississippi. Forrest crossed the Tennessee River at Clifton, defeated Union Col. Robert C. Ingersoll's cavalry at Lexington, captured Trenton and Union City, and ranged briefly into Kentucky. He raided back through Tennessee, evaded defeat at Parker's Cross Roads, and crossed the river again at Clifton. Grant changed his supply base to Memphis.
Gen. Nathan B Forrest placed his artillery here during the attack on Trenton on December 20, 1862. Union Col. Jacob Fry, commanding a unit of about 250 hastily assembled convalescents and other soldiers, occupied the area around the Mobile and Ohio Railroad depot about eight blocks in front of you. He had earlier fortified the high ground here, but had been ordered to send his regular troops to Jackson, and therefore could only defend a small area within the town. Federal sharpshooters stopped Forrest’s initial charge, but the Confederates surrounded the Union position and shelled him from this hill. Fry soon surrendered.
In 1895, a monument was erected to honor nine Confederate soldiers (six known and three
“They planted a battery of six guns on an elevated position southeast of the stockade. Two of these guns were inside of our own earthworks, one howitzer on the southwest and one on the north, and commenced shelling our position. Sixteen shells were fired, one passing through the depot, near a large quantity of ammunition, but did not explode.” — Col. Jacob Fry
“I dashed into town and attacked the enemy at Trenton. They were fortified at the depot, but were without artillery. After a short engagement between their sharpshooters and our cavalry our battery opened on them, and on the third fire from the battery, they surrendered.” — Gen. Nathan B. Forrest
(lower left) Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid, Dec. 15, 1862-Jan. 2, 1863
(lower right) Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest Courtesy Library of Congress
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 58.256′ N, 88° 56.78′ W. Marker is in Trenton, Tennessee, in Gibson County. Marker is on Cemetery Road 0.1 miles west of South Brownsville Street, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. The marker is located in Oakland Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Trenton TN 38382, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Fighting for Trenton (approx. 0.6 miles away); Forrest at Trenton (approx. 0.7 miles away); David Crockett (approx. ¾ mile away); Gibson County Courthouse (approx. ¾ mile away); Gibson County Confederate Memorial (approx. ¾ mile away); a different marker also named Fighting for Trenton (approx. ¾ mile away); Female Collegiate Institute (approx. 0.8 miles away); C.S.A. Camp Trenton (approx. 4.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Trenton.
Also see . . . The Battle of Trenton (Submitted on June 20, 2014.)
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 20, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 387 times since then and 40 times this year. Last updated on March 15, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 20, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.