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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Trail of Tears

 
 
Trail of Tears Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Gillard, August 15, 2010
1. Trail of Tears Marker
Inscription. In May 1838 soldiers, under the command of Gen. Winfield Scott, began rounding up Cherokee Indians in this area who had refused to move to Indian Territory (Oklahoma). About 15,000 Cherokees were placed in stockades in Tennessee and Alabama until their removal. Roughly 3,000 were sent by boat down the Tennessee River and the rest were marched overland in the fall and winter of 1838-39. This forced removal under harsh conditions resulted in the deaths of about 4,000 Cherokees.

In late June 1838 a party of 1,070 poorly equipped Indians was marched overland from Ross' Landing at Chattanooga, TN, to Waterloo, AL because of low water in the upper Tennessee River. Following the general route of present-day U.S. Hwy. 72, they camped at Bolivar, Bellefonte, and Woodville (Jackson County, AL). About 300 escaped along the way, and on June 26, the remainder refused to proceed from Bellefonte. The local militia, under the command of Army Capt. G.S. Drane, was called out to get the group started and escort it to Waterloo. Arriving in miserable condition on July 10, 1838, the Cherokees were placed on boats to continue their journey West.

The "Trail of Tears", which resulted from the Indian Removal Act passed by U.S. Congress in 1830, is one of the darkest chapters in American history.

This historical marker will forever mark the beginning

Trail of Tears Marker image. Click for full size.
By Tom Gillard, August 15, 2010
2. Trail of Tears Marker
of this "Trail of Tears".
 
Erected by Alabama - Tennessee Trail of Tears Corridor Committee.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
 
Location. 35° 3.393′ N, 85° 18.6′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on Riverfront Parkway, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chattanooga TN 37402, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ross's Landing (within shouting distance of this marker); 1790 John Ross 1866 (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Chattanooga's First Citizens (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Ross's Landing (about 500 feet away); "Cherokee" (about 600 feet away); Headquarters Row (about 700 feet away); Hazen's Raid at Brown's Ferry (approx. 0.2 miles away); Site of Battery Smartt (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
 
Also see . . .  Trail of Tears. (Submitted on October 17, 2010, by Tom Gillard of Tullahoma, Tennessee.)
 
Categories. Native Americans
 
Trail of Tears Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2014
3. Trail of Tears Marker
View of the marker, looking east along Riverfront Parkway.
TN River bridge image. Click for full size.
By Tom Gillard, August 15, 2010
4. TN River bridge
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on October 17, 2010, by Tom Gillard of Tullahoma, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 1,226 times since then and 35 times this year. Last updated on March 18, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 17, 2010, by Tom Gillard of Tullahoma, Tennessee.   3. submitted on June 10, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   4. submitted on October 17, 2010, by Tom Gillard of Tullahoma, Tennessee. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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