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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Vicksburg in Warren County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

Debate and Decision

 
 
Debate and Decision Marker image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce
1. Debate and Decision Marker
Inscription.
From his headquarters in this grand mansion, Confederate General Pemberton followed the movement of enemy troops during the siege. He watched his men suffering from lack of food and the relentless Union bombardment.

After nearly seven weeks, he gathered his commanders together. Did they have the will to keep fighting? Debating late into the night of July 2, 1863, Pemberton made the difficult decision to surrender.

At 10 a.m. to-morrow I propose to evacuate the works in and around Vicksburg, and to surrender the city and garrison under my command, by marching out with my colors and arms, stacking them in front of my present lines, after which you will take possession.
General John Pemberton
July 3, 1863
 
Erected by Vicksburg National Military Park.
 
Location. 32° 20.914′ N, 90° 52.684′ W. Marker is in Vicksburg, Mississippi, in Warren County. Marker is on Crawford Street east of Cherry Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Vicksburg MS 39180, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sisters of Mercy (here, next to this marker); Pemberton Headquarters (a few steps
Pemberton Headquarters image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce
2. Pemberton Headquarters
from this marker); John D. Cobb House (a few steps from this marker); Balfour House (within shouting distance of this marker); 901, 905, 913 Crawford Street (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); C S Headquarters Stevenson's Division (about 500 feet away); Combat Wounded Veterans (about 600 feet away); Louisiana Civil War Monument (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Vicksburg.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Pemberton Headquarters image. Click for full size.
By William Bruce, January 12, 2015
3. Pemberton Headquarters
View of marker at General Pemberton's Headquarters (Now under long term repairs). image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 26, 2017
4. View of marker at General Pemberton's Headquarters (Now under long term repairs).
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 27, 2017. This page originally submitted on March 25, 2015, by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 345 times since then and 75 times this year. Last updated on March 25, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 24, 2015, by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin.   3. submitted on December 26, 2015, by William Bruce of Madison, Wisconsin.   4. submitted on October 26, 2017, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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