The Steele's Bayou Expedition (March 14-27, 1863) was one of several Union efforts to bypass Confederate defenses at Snyder's Bluff by sending amphibious forces through the Delta's waterways. While the expedition ultimately failed in its objective, . . . — — Map (db m187815) HM
The longest continually-running melodrama in the world began with modest roots on March 28, 1936 by Julia Arnold on a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers barge that had been redesigned to resemble a riverboat and renamed the Dixie Belle.
"Gold in the . . . — — Map (db m190836) HM
One of Vicksburg and Warren County's greatest natural resources is its hardwood forests. For years, the harvesting of timber was hard work that was achieved by hard men and animals working in unison.
After trees were cut, oxen and mules were . . . — — Map (db m190971) HM
From the earliest settlers to Vicksburg, African Americans have made significant contributions to social, educational, religious, economic and political progress.
Vicksburg was home to Hiram Rhodes Revels, the first African American U. S. . . . — — Map (db m190865) HM
On a balmy Saturday afternoon in the winter of 1953, a tornado etched a path of destruction from Vicksburg's waterfront through downtown and into a northeast residential area.
The December 5th twister is to date (2006) one of only two F5 . . . — — Map (db m190854) HM
Famed musician and prolific song writer Willie Dixon was born in Vicksburg in 1915. In 1936, he moved to Chicago, taking with him an appreciation of African field songs, gospel, blues, and country music.
Over the next 50 years, Dixon created a . . . — — Map (db m190864) HM
Methodism played a formative role in the founding of Vicksburg and Warren County.
In 1799, Rev. Tobias Gibson, a circuit rider in the Mississippi Territory, established the Hopewell congregation in Warren County. In 1814, Rev. Newitt Vick, a . . . — — Map (db m190970) HM
Vicksburg voters opposed secession but once the war began they supported the Confederacy, over 2500 local men joining the Southern ranks.
The first attack on Vicksburg was in the spring of 1862. The enemy was repulsed, Col. James Autry telling . . . — — Map (db m104036) HM
Because it was the lone Blakely rifled cannon in all the Vicksburg defenses, the Confederate soldiers called this 7.44-inch gun, "The Widow Blakely." During the siege it was mounted about 1 mile north of its present position. On May 22, 1863, the . . . — — Map (db m97124) HM
Probably one of the most picturesque views of Vicksburg is that of the two bridges over the Mississippi River. The first bridge was constructed in 1930 for $6,500,000 to transport vehicles and trains.
It was, at that time, the only bridge across . . . — — Map (db m190853) HM
Capt. S. C. Bains. The company served its pieces on the city front from May 18 to May 23, when most of them were ordered to the rear line of defense. One section, under Capt. S. C. Bains, served two 6-pounder guns on the city front to . . . — — Map (db m162975) HM
Capt. Paul T. Dismukes.
The company served one 10-inch Columbiad in a position not in the park, about 266 yards southwest of this tablet, from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — — Map (db m109494) HM
Capt. William P. Parks.
The company served one 32-pounder rifled gun in a position, not in the park, about 200 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — — Map (db m110743) HM
Capt. H.T. Norman
The company served one 9-inch Dahlgren gun in a position, not in the park, immediately west of the Harwood house and about 66 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to about June 29, when the gun, with a detachment . . . — — Map (db m110842) HM
Capt. Alexander Chust.
The company was engaged in the Battle of Champion's Hill, May 16, attached to Lorings Division. At the close of that battle it fell back with the army to Vicksburg and served two 6-pounder guns and two 12-pounder . . . — — Map (db m133892) HM
Lieut. G.W. Miller;
Lieut. D.M. Upton.
The company served one 8-inch Columbiad in a position, not in the park, about 200 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — — Map (db m110742) HM
Lieut. Edward L. Bower.
One section of the company. under Lieut. E.L. Bower. served two 12-pounder howitzers in this position from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — — Map (db m133920) HM
Capt. T. N. Johnston.
A detachment of the company served two 10-inch Columbiads in a position, not in the park about 150 yards northwest of this tablet, from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. They were creditably and . . . — — Map (db m109450) HM
Capt. T.N. Johnston
A detachment of the company, under Lieut. P.R. Cousins, served one 7-inch Brooke's rifled gun in a position, not in the park, about 233 yards west of this tablet, from May 18 to June 28, 1863, when it was disabled . . . — — Map (db m109530) HM
One 42-pounder smoothbore gun was mounted in a position, not in the park, near the end of the spur known as "Devil's Backbone" and about 100 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. It was not in exclusive . . . — — Map (db m110840) HM
U.S. Battery Benton. Acting Master J. Frank Reed.A detachment of Battery E, 1st Missouri Light Artillery under Lieut. Joseph B. Atwater and a detail of enlisted men of the 34th Iowa Infantry, all under Acting Master J. Frank Reed of the gunboat . . . — — Map (db m39567) HM
Capt. Benjamin F. Rodgers.
The battery served four James rifles in temporary positions on the investment line of its division from May 25. One section served two James rifles in this position from about June 22 to the end of the . . . — — Map (db m109364) HM
December 5, 1953 --- the day began in a normal way. It was warm and blustery, which we all know isnt all that uncommon down South during the holiday season. Christmas wreaths and decorations had been placed downtown, and shoppers filled the . . . — — Map (db m163000) HM
The rise of the automobile and the development of a national highway system in the 1920's and '30s coincided with the initial boom of blues, jazz, and spiritual recordings by African American artists. Songs in the African American . . . — — Map (db m97080) HM
Middle house constructed ca. 1830 by John Lane, a member of Vicksburg's founding family.
Flanking Italianate townhouses constructed ca. 1872: 901 by a niece of Jeff. Davis; 913 by Judge Upton Young. — — Map (db m109280) HM
Established as All Saints' Episcopal College, this girls' boarding school was chartered in 1907. William Mercer Green Hall, built In 1908, was named for Mississippi's first Episcopal bishop. The Dioceses of Louisiana and Arkansas became Joint owners . . . — — Map (db m133913) HM
Both former residents of Vicksburg, B. Beatrix Scott and Ida L. Jackson served as the fifth and eighth national presidents of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, 1925-1927 and 1933-1936, respectively. During her presidency, Scott helped establish . . . — — Map (db m97074) HM
Built in three stages from ca. 1830 to 1855, this Greek Revival–style mansion was originally built by J.W. Mauldin and sold to Victor Wilson in 1840. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, Anchuca was Vicksburgs first . . . — — Map (db m103752) HM
Meaning "men of kindness," the Anshe Chesed Congregation was organized in 1841 and formally chartered by the State of Mississippi in 1862. It was a founding member of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in 1874. Anshe Chesed is the second . . . — — Map (db m50909) HM
You are in Vicksburg's oldest neighborhood where many structures are antebellum. An-te-bel-lum is derived from Latin meaning "before the war."
Duff Green Mansion
In 1856 a wealthy cotton . . . — — Map (db m115488) HM
Around 1860, Frederic Baum and his wife Ellen Chambers Baum had a home in the middle of a fabulous apple orchard located in this area. Frederic had several businesses, was an alderman for the City of Vicksburg, and served on . . . — — Map (db m115537) HM
Built mid-1830s. Home of diarist Emma Balfour, noted diarist of the Siege. Site of 1862 Christmas ball interrupted by arrival of Federal fleet. Following surrender, July 4, 1863, was HQ. of Maj.-Gen. J.B. McPherson. — — Map (db m97085) HM
The need for banks grew as local merchants flourished and
more people had paying jobs. In 1895 Vicksburg had five
banks. By 1906, because of the economic boom, there were
thirteen local banks. Two historically . . . — — Map (db m115430) HM
Site of first African Methodist Episcopal Church (1864), and first Negro Masonic Lodge in Mississippi organized here (1875). Campbell College was organized here in 1890. Present church was built in 1912. — — Map (db m103754) HM
The Feld House
The Feld House is one of the most architecturally significant residences of early 20th Century in Mississippi. The home was constructed in 1913 by Hannah B. Fishell, widow of Alfred Fishell, a
prominent Vicksburg . . . — — Map (db m115544) HM
Known for strict discipline and demand for diligent work, the Brothers of the Sacred Heart took charge of the education of Vicksburg Catholic young men when they arrived at St. Aloysius Academy on the corner of First North and Grove streets in . . . — — Map (db m190972) HM
In the mid-1800's Vicksburg began to grow and prosper. An 1866 city directory listed 35 Jewish-owned stores and about 90 Jewish families living in Vicksburg. These three homes were owned by Jewish businessmen who prospered with Vicksburg's growing . . . — — Map (db m115530) HM
The C.S.S. Arkansas, an ironclad built in Yazoo City, met the Union vessels Queen of the West, Tyler and Carondelet on July 15, 1862, on the Yazoo River. Moving into the Mississippi, the Arkansas ran past thirty-nine . . . — — Map (db m103751) HM
In 1906 the Vicksburg Business League purchased nearly sixty acres of land and grading, one quarter mile east of this site, to attract a proposed National Guard rifle range. The range, which opened in 1907, included a store house, a concrete target . . . — — Map (db m103779) HM
A graduate of Mississippi Valley State University, Brady Tonth, Jr. was the first MVSU Air Force ROTC graduate to become a pilot after completing training in Columbus, Mississippi. In 1979, he became the first African American pilot in the . . . — — Map (db m170732) HM
Built in 1924 in the tutor Gothic style, Carr Central High School was designed by architect William A. Stanton. This building once housed the administrative offices of the school district and kindergarten, elementary, and junior high school classes. . . . — — Map (db m115321) HM
Carr School was designed in the Tudor Gothic style by William Stanton, a well-known architect, who had designed many religious, public, commercial and residential buildings across Mississippi.
The school was built in 1924 by the E.G. Parish . . . — — Map (db m190861) HM
Not a clean place, Catfish Row was Vicksburg's commerce hub where horse-drawn wagons connected with steamboats and trains. Not particularly a clean place, it was busy with laborers, lined with saloons, and thriving with underground activities. If . . . — — Map (db m190975) HM
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, this part of Cherry Street was an affluent residential area lined with spectacular homes.
The Rose Home
In 1897 Adolph Rose, a prominent banker and wholesale merchant, built this grand home with a unique . . . — — Map (db m115415) HM
Founded 1828. Nave and tower constructed 1839-43. Cornerstone laid by Bishop Leonidas Polk. Despite the bombardment, the Rev. W.W. Lord conducted daily services here during the Siege of Vicksburg. — — Map (db m115491) HM
Vicksburg's Oldest Public Building
The cornerstone for Christ Episcopal was laid in 1839 but a fire and yellow fever epidemic delayed completion until 1843. The corner stone was laid by Bishop Leonidas Polk, who later served as a major . . . — — Map (db m115490) HM
Faith had an early foothold in Vicksburg. The
Catholic faith arrived early with the Spanish explorers
and settlers. Organized religion started around 1812
when Newit Vick, a Methodist minister, arrived. Early
settlers . . . — — Map (db m115418) HM
Dedicated To The Recipients Of The
Nation's Oldest Military Decoration
"The Purple Heart"
My stone is red for
the blood they shed.
The medal I bear
is my country's way
to show they care.
If I could be seen
by all . . . — — Map (db m109895) WM
In Memory of the men, from all states of the South, who fell in the defense of Vicksburg during a siege of 47 days - May 18 to July 3, 1863. A defense unsurpassed in the annals of war for heroism, endurance of devotion, and . . . — — Map (db m104277) WM
Prior to the construction of a bridge in 1930 across the Mississippi River at Vicksburg, train cars crossed to Louisiana on "ferries for trains" called transfer boats. The inclines at Kleinstown in Vicksburg and Delta Point in Louisiana were . . . — — Map (db m103989) HM
From his headquarters in this grand mansion, Confederate General Pemberton followed the movement of enemy troops during the siege. He watched his men suffering from lack of food and the relentless Union bombardment.
After nearly seven weeks, . . . — — Map (db m81903) HM
The Vicksburg National Military Park, established by Congress on February 21, 1899, commemorates the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg during the Civil War. The 1,800 acres of the park are dotted with over 1,300 monuments, making it the "art . . . — — Map (db m103991) HM
In March, 1863, Maj. Gen. William T.
Sherman's XV Corps assembled at Eagle
Bend to march inland approximately one
mile along Muddy Bayou to Steele's
Bayou. There, the troops were to be
loaded onto transports and used in
Admiral Porter's naval . . . — — Map (db m187814) HM
The Spanish were the first Europeans (in 1541) to discover what is today called Fort Hill, the second highest spot between Memphis and New Orleans. When the French arrived in 1682, they laid claim to the region. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 divided . . . — — Map (db m104038) HM
In 1831, Richard Featherston, a teacher,
built a single story structure here and
opened Vicksburg's first school. Dr. Alex
Magruder expanded the house to two stories
in 1850 and used the original as a clinic
where he treated victims of the . . . — — Map (db m191610) HM
On January 13, 1861, the steamer A.O. Tyler, en route downriver to New Orleans, was fired on by militia sent to protect Vicksburg. The Tyler, which was later used as a U.S. timberclad gunboat, was searched and released. The firing on . . . — — Map (db m103747) HM
The vessels which have served as the Mississippi always pulled "double duty" serving both as a Corps work vessel and as the MRC's river inspection vessel and public meeting venue. During the traditional high-water and low-water seasons each . . . — — Map (db m162994) HM
Fort Nogales, which was the first settlement at Vicksburg, was established by the Spaniards on this spot in 1791. In 1798, it passed from the possession of Spain to the United States and was re-named Fort McHenry. It was used as a Confederate fort . . . — — Map (db m103759) HM
Navy veteran and Alcorn College graduate Frank Crump, Jr. taught at Rosa A. Temple High School (1960-1970) and was Vo-Tech Dean at Utica Junior College. During Freedom Summer in 1964, he registered African American voters and was a Mississippi . . . — — Map (db m103768) HM
The Glass site originally consisted of four pyramidal mound surrounding an open plaza, with a possible fifth mound located to the north. Of these, Mound A alone remains undamaged. It stands 30 feet high and has a ramp extending south toward the . . . — — Map (db m103780) HM
In 1838, Alexander McNutt was elected the twelfth governor of Mississippi, serving until 1842. After two terms as governor, he moved back to Vicksburg to continue his law practice.
Governor McNutt House . . . — — Map (db m115480) HM
In 1991, Daniel Kirkwood "Kirk" Fordice, Jr. became the first Republican to be elected governor of Mississippi in 118 years. A graduate of Purdue University, he served two years on active duty in the US Army as an engineer officer with the 1st . . . — — Map (db m162998) HM
A Different Point of View
Vicksburg was pretty bare in the early days. The original townspeople cleared the land and used the trees to construct buildings and open space for farming. When Vicksburg was under siege by the Union Army, the . . . — — Map (db m115508) HM
Built in 1830 and surviving the Civil War, Anchuca was named with a Choctaw Indian word meaning "happy home". In 1868 the house was occupied by Joseph Davis oldest brother to Jefferson Davis), a very successful . . . — — Map (db m115483) HM
If Vicksburgers found themselves in hard times, they probably ended up here. The jail, court house, funeral home and tombstone maker were all located at this intersection.
Top left: Warren County Court House, late . . . — — Map (db m115510) HM
Warren County Court House
The Reverend Newit Vick, Vicksburg's founder, originally planned to build his home on this site; however, after he and his wife both fell victim to yellow fever in August of 1819, this site was set aside to . . . — — Map (db m115506) HM
Killed in the fight to rid Vicksburg of vicious gamblers
July 5, 1835
Erected by a grateful community to the memory of Dr. Hugh Bodley
murdered by the gamblers
July 5, 1835
While . . . — — Map (db m179419) HM
Prior to the opening of the Jitney Jungle on the corner of South and Monroe streets in 1933, grocery stores generally sold only groceries and were "full service" establishments with clerks to gather the items on a person's list. The modern . . . — — Map (db m162999) HM
On a summer day in 1894, Joseph Biedenharn, a candy merchant and soda fountain operator, had an idea that would reshape the soft drink industry. He took the popular fountain beverage, Coca-Cola, put it in bottles, and delivered it to rural areas . . . — — Map (db m190866) HM
Lakemont was built in 1835 by Judge William Lake who served in the United States Congress (1855-1856) and in the Mississippi House of Representatives (1859-1861). In 1861, while campaigning for the Confederate Congress, Judge Lake . . . — — Map (db m115493) HM
In 1920-21, the Sandy Bottom School
(the original name for Kings School) was built
with funding assistance from the Rosenwald
Foundation, a philanthropic organization
dedicated to building schools for African
American students in the rural . . . — — Map (db m157542) HM
In May 1908, Leo C. Koestler opened Koestler's Bakery on Washington at Belmont Street. The first ovens were coal fired and "Mello-Toast Bread" was delivered to households by a horse-drawn dray.
In about 1918, Leo became the first in the state to . . . — — Map (db m190969) HM
These headstones represent soldiers from Louisiana and Mississippi who died at the hospitals located at Mississippi Springs and Coopers Wells. These soldiers from the Army of Mississippi died from disease contracted through the rigors of military . . . — — Map (db m133893) HM
In 1942, R.G. LeTourneau, the man largely responsible for the invention and development of earth-moving machines in wide use today, built his fourth manufacturing plant in Vicksburg. He brought with him a small group of talented men including Clyde . . . — — Map (db m190841) HM
Site of Lum Mansion, Hq. of Gen. U.S. Grant, family & staff, after siege of Vicksburg, 1863. The 26 room house, built about 1820, was later destroyed by order of Capt. Cyrus B. Comstock to build fortification. — — Map (db m97076) HM
Replacing an earlier school on Cherry
Street, Magnolia High School was built
here in 1923. J.G.H. Bowman was the
schools principal from 1906 to 1944
and helped develop a strong college
preparatory curriculum. In 1940, the
school was . . . — — Map (db m115320) HM
This was a busy and lively area during early Vicksburg.
Everything you wanted or needed was nearby. Court Square, churches, retail stores, and the Mississippi River were just a few blocks away.
River and rail . . . — — Map (db m115505) HM
The historic African American community of Marcus Bottom was an important center of early blues, jazz, and gospel music activity. Pianist Eurreal “Little Brother” Montgomery, one of the premier blues artists of the . . . — — Map (db m103895) HM
This Greek Revival house was built in 1830 by Martha Vick, daughter of Vicksburg founder Newit Vick. Newit and his wife Elizabeth died of yellow fever in 1819, leaving Martha to help raise her eight siblings. Martha Vick died in 1851, after which . . . — — Map (db m109281) HM
In 1841 Vicksburg became home to the first established
Jewish congregation in Mississippi, Anshe Chesed,
meaning "men of kindness" in Hebrew. Many of the early
Jewish immigrants came from what is now part of . . . — — Map (db m115441) HM
After the Civil War with slavery abolished, the giant plantations were struggling to find labor.
To help with the lack of labor, sharecropping became a common practice. Many of the former slaves became sharecroppers on the plantations . . . — — Map (db m115425) HM
The Miss Mississippi Scholarship Pageant was started in 1934 with the annual event held in different cities until 1958. In that year, Vicksburg hosted its first pageant under the leadership of Mayor Johnny Holland and the Vicksburg Jaycees, and it . . . — — Map (db m190840) HM
In 1903 Vicksburg was the largest city in Mississippi. James Riley Gordon, a famous architect, designed the booming town a new "City Hall" that was built for $50,000. Gordon also designed the Arizona State Capitol, at least 20 . . . — — Map (db m115423) HM
On April 21, 1875, the Mississippi Dental Association was organized in Vicksburg at the office of Dr. J.B. Askew and Dr. J.D. Miles on Washington Street. Dr. J.D. Miles became its first president. — — Map (db m75627) HM
The Mississippi River Commission (MRC) was established on June 28, 1879 by an Act of Congress. Congress tasked the MRC with the mission to develop plans to improve the condition of the Mississippi River, foster navigation, promote commerce, and . . . — — Map (db m162993) HM
Commissioned in 1961, the Mississippi IV plied the Mississippi River for more than 30 years. Though it was the fourth Corps vessel to bear the name "Mississippi," she was the first to employ diesel power, and this shift brought with it the . . . — — Map (db m162989) HM
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