Chattanooga in Hamilton County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail
To protect the railroads at Tyner and defend the approaches to Chattanooga, Cleburne immediately began constructing four large earth-work redoubts, or forts, in and near Tyner's Station. With walls twelve feet high and 200 to 300 feet in diameter, the forts had embrasures for cannon and openings for rifles, and the works were surrounded by rifle pits. General Cleburne made his headquarters near one of the main forts at Tyner.
One of the soldiers later wrote that "While encamped at Tyner's General Cleburne kept the troops busy by drilling and by constructing forts and earthworks." The four forts constructed by Cleburne were built of earth with hand labor using picks, shovels and wheel barrows. The first fort was built a short distance south of the house that Cleburne used as his headquarters and about 2000
The Federal forces were very much aware of the significance of Tyner's Station. The records show that after the Confederate withdrawal to Georgia in September, 1863 the 123rd Illinois Mounted Infantry Regiment, with Wilder's Brigade of Mounted Infantry Regiment that included the 17th Indiana, and 92nd Illinois and Lilly's 18th Indiana battery, crossed the Tennessee River on September 10, captured a "large rebel mail" at Tyner's Station. Other sources indicate that Union troops burned two caissons at that location.
After the Battle of Missionary Ridge, the fort at Tyner was occupied by the Federal Army for the rest of the war. Colonel Horace Boughton of the 143rd New York Infantry, commanding a brigade including that unit, was in command at Cleveland with the responsibility of guarding the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, from Chattanooga to Cleveland, etc. Boughton reported on December 3, 1864, that he had 200 men and two pieces of artillery behind a good earthwork at Tyner's Station.
Erected by Chickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail.
Location. 35° 4.127′ N, 85° 9.428′ W. Marker is in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in Hamilton County. Marker is on Hickory Valley Road south of Bonny Oaks Drive, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. The marker is located on southeast corner, of the grounds of Tyner Baptist Church, just south of the southern driveway entrance to the church grounds. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2934 Hickory Valley Road, Chattanooga TN 37421, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Bonny Oaks School (approx. 1½ miles away); Confederate Cemetery (approx. 1½ miles away); Tennessee Valley Railroad And Museum (approx. 2.8 miles away); Harrison Academy (approx. 3 miles away); Cleburne's Division (approx. Polk's Brigade (approx. 4.6 miles away); a different marker also named Cleburne's Division (approx. 4.6 miles away); Lowrey's Brigade (approx. 4.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chattanooga.
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 8, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 369 times since then and 88 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 8, 2015, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.