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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Ottawa in Ottawa County, Ontario — Central Canada
 

The Rideau Canal

Le canal Rideau

 
 
The Rideau Canal Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
1. The Rideau Canal Marker
Inscription. English:
Built between 1826 and 1832, the Rideau Canal is the best preserved, fully operational example of North America’s great canal building era. Lieutenant-Colonel John By’s innovative deign was based on a “slackwater” system that linked lakes and rivers on a scale unprecedented in North America. The result was one of the first canals in the world engineered for steam-powered vessels. Its construction through more than 200 kilometres of bush, swamps, and lakes was a monumental feat. Each year, as many as 5,000 workers, mainly Irish immigrants and French Canadians, toiled under the supervision of civil contractors and the Royal Engineers. Working in extremely difficult conditions, they endured injury and disease, and hundreds died. This fortified waterway was intended as a safe military supply route between Montréal and Lake Ontario by providing an alternative to the St. Lawrence River. It chiefly served as a key artery for moving goods and people until the 1850s and became a popular recreational destination in the 20th century. The Rideau Canal was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2007.

French:
Cette voie navigable, réalisée entre 1826 and 1832, constitue le canal en activité le mieux conserve de tous ceux bâtis à la grande époque de la construction des canaux en Amérique
The Rideau Canal Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
2. The Rideau Canal Marker
du Nord. Le lieutenant-colonel John By élabora un projet novateur basé sur un système à plans d’eau successifs pour relier lacs et rivières à une échelle encore jamais vue en Amérique du Nord. Il créa ainsi l’un des premiers canaux au monde conçus pour les bateaux à vapeur. La construction menée sur plus de 200 kilomètres de forêts, de marécages et de lacs relevait de l’exploit. Chaque année, jusqu’a 5 000 ouvriers, la plupart des immigrants irlandais et des Canadiens français, y travaillaient sous la supervision d’entrepreneurs civils et l’ingéniais royaux. Ils oeuvraient dans des conditions difficiles où les maladies et les blessures étaient nombreuses, des centaines trouvant la mort. Ce canal fortifié devait remplacer le fleuve Saint-Laurent comme voie de ravitaillement militaire entre Montréal et le lac Ontario. Il joua surtout un rôle clé dans le transport des biens et des le des personnes jusqu’aux années 1850, puis devint aux XXᵉ siècle une destination récréative prisée. Le canal Rideau a été inscrit en 2007 sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO.
 
Erected by Historic Sites and Monument Board of Canada/Commission de lieux et monuments historique du Canada.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization marker series.
 
Location.
Rideau Canal Ottawa Locks image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
3. Rideau Canal Ottawa Locks
45° 25.46′ N, 75° 41.677′ W. Marker is in Ottawa, Ontario, in Ottawa County. Marker can be reached from Elgin Street just from Rideau Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. This marker is located next to the Rideau Canal, beneath the Elgin-Rideau Street Bridge. Marker is at or near this postal address: 53 Elgin Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A, Canada.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sappers’ Bridge (a few steps from this marker); Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) (within shouting distance of this marker); Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, CB (within shouting distance of this marker); Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada (within shouting distance of this marker); The Commissariat (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Rideau Waterway (about 150 meters away); Nicholas Sparks (about 150 meters away); Lotta Hitschmanova, C.C. (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ottawa.
 
Also see . . .  Rideau Canal World Heritage Site. The plan to construct a navigable waterway between Lake Ontario and the Ottawa River was conceived after the War of 1812 (you remember; the war where Canada beat back the invading Americans). It was designed to provide a secure supply route from Montréal to Kingston,
Operating the locks is still done by hand. image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
4. Operating the locks is still done by hand.
avoiding the vulnerable St. Lawrence River route. Today we welcome the invading Americans to journey its scenic route. As you travel along the Rideau you will see most of the stonework and many of the buildings as they were in the 19th century.
(Submitted on May 18, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.) 
 
Categories. Waterways & Vessels
 
Model of the Ottawa Locks image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 7, 2014
5. Model of the Ottawa Locks
<i>Rideau Locks, Ottawa, Canada</i> image. Click for full size.
Postcard by the Photogelatine Engraving Co., Ltd., circa 1935
6. Rideau Locks, Ottawa, Canada
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 1, 2017. This page originally submitted on May 18, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 273 times since then and 57 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 18, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.   6. submitted on May 24, 2015. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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