Ottawa, Ontario — Central Canada
The Rideau Canal
Le canal Rideau
Built between 1826 and 1832, the Rideau Canal is the best preserved, fully operational example of North America’s great canal building era. Lieutenant-Colonel John By’s innovative deign was based on a “slackwater” system that linked lakes and rivers on a scale unprecedented in North America. The result was one of the first canals in the world engineered for steam-powered vessels. Its construction through more than 200 kilometres of bush, swamps, and lakes was a monumental feat. Each year, as many as 5,000 workers, mainly Irish immigrants and French Canadians, toiled under the supervision of civil contractors and the Royal Engineers. Working in extremely difficult conditions, they endured injury and disease, and hundreds died. This fortified waterway was intended as a safe military supply route between Montréal and Lake Ontario by providing an alternative to the St. Lawrence River. It chiefly served as a key artery for moving goods and people until the 1850s and became a popular recreational destination in the 20th century. The Rideau Canal was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2007.
Cette voie navigable, réalisée entre 1826 and 1832, constitue le canal en activité le mieux conserve de tous ceux bâtis à la grande époque de la construction des canaux en Amérique
Erected by Historic Sites and Monument Board of Canada/Commission de lieux et monuments historique du Canada.
Marker series. This marker is included in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization marker series.
Location. Touch for map. This marker is located next to the Rideau Canal, beneath the Elgin-Rideau Street Bridge. Marker is at or near this postal address: 53 Elgin Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A, Canada.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sappers’ Bridge (a few steps from this marker); Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) (within shouting distance of this marker); Lieutenant Colonel Charles-Michel d’Irumberry de Salaberry, CB (within shouting distance of this marker); Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada (within shouting distance of this marker); The Commissariat (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Rideau Waterway (about 150 meters away); Nicholas Sparks (about 150 meters away); Lotta Hitschmanova, C.C. (about 180 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ottawa.
Also see . . . Rideau Canal World Heritage Site. The plan to construct a navigable waterway between Lake Ontario and the Ottawa River was conceived after the War of 1812 (you remember; the war where Canada beat back the invading Americans). It was designed to provide a secure supply route from Montréal to Kingston, avoiding the (Submitted on May 18, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.)
Categories. • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page was last revised on March 19, 2018. This page originally submitted on May 18, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 287 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 18, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. 6. submitted on May 24, 2015. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.