“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Manassas in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Second Battle of Manassas

Second Battle of Manassas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 4, 2008
1. Second Battle of Manassas Marker
Second Battle of Manassas
Confederate Skirmish Line, Afternoon of August 30, 1862
As Union forces prepared to attack General Jackson's Confederate line along the unfinished railroad to the north, Union General John F. Reynolds made a personal reconnaissance of the field beyond his skirmishers posted along the Groveton Road (Lewis' Lane (1)). He immediately drew fire from a Confederate skirmish line deployed in this open ground, providing covering fire as General James Longstreet massed his five infantry divisions for an attack on the Union left flank.

Narrowly escaping injury, Reynolds reported his findings and received permission to shift his three brigades of Pennsylvania Reserves to the vicinity of the Chinn Farm (about a mile to the east) where theoretically they could better guard the Union left and rear. This movement created a dangerous gap in the Union lines south of the Warrenton Turnpike. To support Lt. Chrles Hazlett's Battery D, 5th U.S. Artillery at Groveton, Colonel G. K. Warren moved his small brigade of New York Zouaves into the position previously occupied by Reynolds' entire division.

Longstreet's Confederates advanced at 4:00 p.m. smashing through Warren's two regiments east of the Groveton Road and gaining Chinn Ridge before meeting significant resistance. The attack on the Union
Close-up of the Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 4, 2008
2. Close-up of the Map
left was not checked until Longstreet's lead brigades reached the Sudley Road 1-1/2 miles to the east where Union General John Pope had hastily formed a strong defensive position on Henry Hill. After dark the Union army retreated across Bull Run, ending the battle.

Regiments, Brigades, and Division

The regiment was the basic organizational unit of Civil War armies. Soldiers identified with and took pride in their regiments. Volunteer regiments were designated by a number and by the state which raised it. A regiment was composed of a headquarters staff and ten companies identified by letters A-K (J not used to avoid confusion with I). At its initial muster each company would have 100 men with officers, but frequently effective strength was severely diminished by battle losses, disease, and desertions. To facilitate command and control, up to five regiments could be grouped together to form a brigade. Two to four brigades formed a division.
Erected by Manassas National Battlefield Park - Department of the Interior.
Location. 38° 48.242′ N, 77° 33.125′ W. Marker is near Manassas, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker is on William Center Boulevard, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Located in the picnic
Marker Set at the Parking Lot image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
3. Marker Set at the Parking Lot
area parking lot in the Manassas Battlefield National Park. The area is reached off Groveton Road. Marker is in this post office area: Manassas VA 20109, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Historic Landscape Restoration (here, next to this marker); Brownsville (approx. mile away); Confederate Counterattack (approx. 0.6 miles away); 10th New York Vol. Infantry (approx. 0.6 miles away); "The Very Vortex of Hell" (approx. 0.6 miles away); Battery Heights (approx. 0.6 miles away); 5th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry (approx. 0.6 miles away); Lucinda Dogan House (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manassas.
More about this marker. In the upper right is a portrait of General Reynolds. In the lower left is a portrait of General Longstreet. The center of the marker contains a map indicating the location of the skirmish lines and other forces discussed in the text.
Also see . . .  Manassas National Battlefield Park. National Park Service site. (Submitted on June 18, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Federal Skirmish Line image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 4, 2008
4. Federal Skirmish Line
Looking west across the picnic area. Seymour's Brigade of Reynolds' Division occupied positions astride the parking lot on the morning of August 29, 1862. Skirmishers were pushed out to the wood line beyond.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 18, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,099 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 18, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on June 17, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on June 18, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
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