Florence in Lauderdale County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans
(Circa 8,000 B.C. ~1500 A.D.) / (Circa 1550 A.D.~ 1816 A.D.)
This area near the mouth of Cypress Creek was inhabited by Archaic People as early as 8,000 B.C. Their main food consisted of freshwater mollusks from the river. (These mussels were the origin of the name "Muscle Shoals.")
The Woodland and Copena Cultures, associated with the nearby large Florence Mound, arrived around 2,000 B.C. and remained almost 3,000 years. About 800 A.D. the Mississippian Civilization established villages here and on adjoining islands.
Many of the Indian mounds in the Tennessee Valley were built by them.
(continued on the other side)
For almost 300 years this area was the home of people known as Historic Indians. The first were the Euchees from the Great Lakes area. They were soon ousted by the Shawnees from the Ohio River. The Shawnee were evicted in 1715 A.D. by the Cherokees and Chickasaws. The Cherokees signed away their rights to this area in 1806. The Chickasaws held their claim until the Treaty of 1816.
In the Summer of 1787, a skirmish occurred nearby between a party of Creeks and a company of militia from Nashville. The Creek Chief Bigfoot was killed.
Erected by Tennessee Valley Authority, Tennessee ~Tombigbee Waterway and the City of Florence.
Location. Touch for map. Located in McFarland Park next to the Tennessee River in Lauderdale County AL. The McFarland Park and Recreation Area Marker is just a few feet away on opposite side of sidewalk. Marker is in this post office area: Florence AL 35630, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. McFarland Park and Recreation Area (within shouting distance of this marker); First Muscle Shoals Canal/Second Muscle Shoals Canal (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Florence Little League Baseball (1951) (approx. 0.3 miles away); Prehistoric Mound (approx. 0.4 miles away); Church Spring and School (approx. 0.6 miles away); Old Railroad Bridge (approx. 0.6 miles away); John McKinley Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court (approx. 0.7 miles away); The Rolling Stones in the Shoals in 1969/Sticky Fingers Ranks Among Greatest Albums (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Florence.
Also see . . . Native Americans in the United States. Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska and the island state of Hawaii. (Submitted on March 10, 2010, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Notable Events • Notable Places •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 9, 2010, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. This page has been viewed 1,342 times since then and 83 times this year. Last updated on June 3, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 9, 2010, by Sandra Hughes of Killen, Usa. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.