Near New Houlka in Chickasaw County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
Archaeology at Owl Creek Mounds
Modern-Day Archaeology - Mound I
Because the mounds contained few artifacts, they probably were used for short-term ceremonies rather than as permanent chiefs’ residences.
In 1992, archaeologists searched for a village at Owl Creek. They dug shovel holes thirty yards apart over the entire site and sieved the dirt from 160 holes. Only a few broken pieces of pottery were found, which means that the site was not a place where many people lived. It was probably deserted for much of the year, between ceremonial gatherings.
Top View of Excavation
Many Mississippian mounds were platforms for temples or chiefs’ houses. The excavation on Mound I found evidence of a building that had been rebuilt several times. At one time, the south wall was 20 feet long. It had two short walls extending to the south which possibly formed screens at the top of the ramp. The ramp faced south into the plaza. The steps in use today were added in recent times.
Dirt layers of various colors, including gray, orange, olive green, and brown formed floors within the Mound I building. Perhaps a new layer was laid when the floor was renewed for ceremonial uses of the mound.
Erected by United States Forest Service and Mississippi State University.
Location. 34° 3.38′ N, 88° 55.461′ W. Marker is near New Houlka, Mississippi, in Chickasaw County. Marker can be reached from County Road 413 2½ miles west of Natchez Trace Parkway, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is located at the Owl Creek Archaeological Site in Tombigbee National Forest. Marker is in this post office area: Houlka MS 38850, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Archaeology Determines the Age of Owl Creek Mounds (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Archaeology at Owl Creek Mounds (a few steps from this marker); De Soto's Expedition (a few steps from this marker); Owl Creek Mounds (within shouting distance of this marker); Hernando de Soto (approx. 2.6 miles away); Monroe Mission Station Chickasaw Agency (approx. 3.3 miles away); Battle of Okolona (approx. 5.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Houlka.
Categories. • Native Americans • Science & Medicine •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on June 25, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. This page has been viewed 192 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 25, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas. 4. submitted on June 24, 2015, by Duane Hall of Abilene, Texas.