“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)

The Domestic Slave Trade/Slave Transportation to Montgomery

The Domestic Slave Trade Marker (side 1) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 11, 2013
1. The Domestic Slave Trade Marker (side 1)
Inscription. Side 1
The Domestic Slave Trade

Beginning in the seventeenth century, millions of African people were kidnapped, sold into slavery, and shipped to the Americas as part of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. In 1808, the United States Congress banned the importation of slaves from Africa. At the same time, the high price of cotton and the development of the cotton gin caused the demand for slave labor to skyrocket in the lower South. The Domestic Slave Trade grew to meet this demand. Over the next fifty years, slave traders forcibly transferred hundreds of thousands of enslaved people from the upper South to Alabama and the lower South. Between 1808 and 1860, the enslaved population of Alabama grew from less than 40,000 to more than 435,000. Alabama had one of the largest slave populations in America at the start of the Civil War.

Side 2
Slave Transportation to Montgomery

In order to meet the high demand for slaves in Alabama in the early 1800s, slave traders chained African Americans together in coffles and forced them to march hundreds of miles from the upper South to the lower South, including Montgomery. The overland transportation of enslaved people by foot was slow and expensive. By the 1840s, slave traders began to take advantage of two new modes
Slave Transportation to Montgomery Marker (side 2) image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 11, 2013
2. Slave Transportation to Montgomery Marker (side 2)
of transportation: the steamboat and the railroad. Steamboats carried slaves from Mobile and New Orleans up the Alabama River to Montgomery. Rail routes constructed with slave labor connected Montgomery’s train station to West Point, Georgia and lines extending to the upper South. hundreds of enslaved people began arriving by rail and by boat each day in Montgomery, turning the city into a principal slave trading center in Alabama. Enslaved people who arrived at the riverfront or at the train station were paraded up Commerce Street to be sold in the city’s slave markets.
Erected 2013 by Black Heritage Council, Equal Justice Initiative and the Alabama Historical Commission.
Location. 32° 22.871′ N, 86° 18.79′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Commerce Street and Water Street, on the left when traveling north on Commerce Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 210 Water Street, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Struggle For Colonial Empire (a few steps from this marker); Encanchata (within shouting distance of this marker); Rainbow Soldier (within shouting
Train Station image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 11, 2013
3. Train Station
distance of this marker); Train Shed 1897 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Major Charles W. Davis, Infantry United States Army / "Above and Beyond" (about 300 feet away); High Red Bluff (about 300 feet away); Montgomery's Panel Project (about 400 feet away); Marquis de Lafayette (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .  EJI releases report on slavery in America and dedicates slave markers in Montgomery. Equal Justice Initiative (Submitted on December 12, 2013.) 
Categories. African AmericansIndustry & CommerceRailroads & StreetcarsWaterways & Vessels
Alabama Riverfront image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, January 21, 2013
4. Alabama Riverfront
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 11, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 900 times since then and 108 times this year. Last updated on July 29, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 11, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
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