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Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
 

Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril

Patriotic Plaza Dedicated to those that Fell in April

 
 
Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 24, 2015
1. Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril Marker
Inscription.
Homenaje del pueblo dominicano
a los héroes y mártires de la Guerra Patria de 1965

Gobierno Constitucional Dr. Fernández Reyna
2008-2012

English translation:
Tribute from the Dominican people
to the heros and martyrs of the War of 1965

Constitutional Government of Dr. Fernández Reyna
2008-2012


 
Erected 2010 by Comisión Permanente de Efemérides Patrias.
 
Location. 18° 28.241′ N, 69° 53.56′ W. Marker is in Santo Domingo, Santo Domingo. Touch for map. This memorial is in a small triangle formed by Avenida Independencia and Calle Mariano Cesteros.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. President Coronel Francisco Alberto Caamaño (about 180 meters away, measured in a direct line); Francisco del Rosario Sánchez (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Spanish Refugees of 1939 (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); The Royal and Pontifical University Santo Tomás de Aquino (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Juan Pablo Duarte (approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Japanese Immigration to the Dominican Republic
Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 24, 2015
2. Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril Marker
(approx. 0.8 kilometers away); Cathedral of Santo Domingo, First of the Americas (approx. 0.9 kilometers away); First City Hall in the Americas (approx. 0.9 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Santo Domingo.
 
Regarding Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril. The Dominican Civil War occurred from April 24 to September 3, 1965, in Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic. It started when civilian and military supporters of the constitutionally elected former president Juan Bosch, overthrew the acting President Donald Reid Cabral. This prompted General Elías Wessin y Wessin to organize elements of the military loyal to acting President Reid (Loyalists), initiating an armed campaign against the Constitutionalist rebels. Allegations of foreign support for the Constitutionalists led to an American intervention into the conflict, which later transformed into a Organization of American States occupation of the country. Elections were finally held in 1966, where Joaquín Balaguer was elected president. Later in the same year international troops departed from the country.
More than  23,000 U.S. troops landed in Santo Domingo, the Dominican capital, to stop what it believed was a communist
Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 24, 2015
3. Plaza Patriótica a los Caídos de Abril Marker
insurgency there. The action was heavily criticized because President Johnson was seen to have exaggerated the threat of outside communists in what was a civil conflict. When violence erupted in Santo Domingo, hundreds of U.S. paratroopers landed quickly to protect foreigners. A few days later, tens of thousands more joined them. Although that unmatchable firepower put a stop to any resistance that might have caused U.S. casualties, it also separated the warring Dominican factions and probably ultimately saved Dominican lives.
 
Categories. Patriots & PatriotismWars, Non-US
 
Tomb of unknowns from the April 1965 conflict. image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, July 24, 2015
4. Tomb of unknowns from the April 1965 conflict.
A few meters from the marker in the Avenida Independencia cemetery is this recently restored mass grave of the remains of some unknown casualties from the April 1965 conflict. It reads:

Homenaje a los Soldados de la Patria que con su lucha y arrojo, esculpieron la dignidad nacional.
En conmemoración del 50 aniversario de la gesta patriótica del 24 de abril del 1965
Dr. Reinaldo Pared Perez
Senador de la Republica

English translation: A tribute to the nation’s soldiers whose struggle and determination sculpted our national dignity. In commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the patriotic movement of April 24, 1965. Placed by Dr. Reinaldo Pared Perez, Senator of the Republic.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 23, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 457 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 23, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.   4. submitted on March 2, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.
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