Near Tule Lake in Siskiyou County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
The Road to the Stronghold
Time line, left to right:
1846 - The blazing of the Applegate Emigrant Trail brings Modoc and settlers into increasingly frequent contact.
1864 - After years of conflict with settlers, the Modoc reluctantly sign a treaty to give up their homeland and move to a reservation in Oregon with neighboring Klamath and Yahooskin.
1870 - Extreme hardship on the reservation and clashes with the Klamath prompt a group of Modoc, led by Captain Jack, to move back to their homeland on the Lost River and demand a reservation there.
November 1872 - A botched attempt by the U.S. Army to arrest Captain Jack and other leaders at their Lost River village marks the beginning of the Modoc War. While a small band of Modoc under Hooker Jim retaliates by killing 14 settlers, the majority canoe immediately to the safety of the Stronghold.
December 1872-April 1973 - About 63 Modoc men, along with women and children, hold off some 600 U.S. troops and occupy the lava fortress - now known as Captain Jack's Stronghold -
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Location. 41° 49.481′ N, 121° 30.042′ W. Marker is near Tule Lake, California, in Siskiyou County. Marker is on County Route 120 near Hill Road (County Route 10), on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tulelake CA 96134, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Lava Fortress (a few steps from this marker); Shore of Tule Lake (a few steps from this marker); Attack at Hospital Rock (approx. 1.6 miles away); Last Meeting of the Peace Commission (approx. 2.2 miles away); Canby Cross (approx. 2.3 miles away); Attracted to Water (approx. 2.8 miles away); War in the Lava Beds (approx. 2.9 miles away); Modoc War Casualties (approx. 2.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tule Lake.
More about this marker. This marker is located at the trailhead to Captain Jack's Stronghold.
Additional keywords. Modoc War
Categories. • Native Americans • Wars, US Indian •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on August 30, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California. This page has been viewed 190 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on August 30, 2015, by Barry Swackhamer of San Jose, California.