Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Support: Local and Organizational
Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail
—Near Early and Oak Streets —
The Montgomery lmprovement Association (MIA) was formed in Montgomery at Mt. Zion AME Zion Church on December 5, 1955 by black ministers and community leaders. Under the leadership of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Edgar Nixon, the MIA was instrumental in guiding the Montgomery bus boycott the nonviolent protest campaign that first focused national attention on segregation and catapulted King into the national spotlight. The MIA utilized carpools and weekly gatherings with sermons and music to keep morale high.
The MIA coordinated with the larger National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) on legal challenges to the city's bus segregation ordinance. The MIA helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in January 1957. The SCLC and the national Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), founded in 1960, brought different approaches to activism. These newer groups, along with the MIA, relied on mass mobilization rather than litigation and legislation to advance the rights of black citizens. Ultimately the organizations and the
Erected 2015 by the City of Montgomery. (Marker Number 3.)
Location. 32° 21.569′ N, 86° 19.507′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Oak Street 0.1 miles south of Lincoln Terrace, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1304 Oak Street, Montgomery AL 36108, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bethel Missionary Baptist Church (approx. ¼ mile away); Charlie and Lucille Times (approx. ¼ mile away); Home of Dr. E. D. Nixon, Sr. (approx. 0.4 miles away); Percy Lavon Julian (approx. half a mile away); Holt Street Baptist Church (approx. half a mile away); Loveless School/Henry Allen Loveless (approx. half a mile away); From Bus Boycott to Voting Rights: Community Activism 1955-65 (approx. half a mile away); Rosa Parks Branch Library / Bertha Pleasant Williams (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
Categories. • African Americans • Churches & Religion • Civil Rights •
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on December 11, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 208 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 11, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.