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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Montgomery County Circuit Court / Sit-Ins and Marches at the Montgomery County Courthouse

 
 
Montgomery County Circuit Court Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 28, 2016
1. Montgomery County Circuit Court Marker
Inscription.
Montgomery County Circuit Court
Site of Major Civil Rights Cases 1956-1960

In 1956, 89 persons were indicted for violating an anti-boycott law; Rosa Parks' conviction was appealed; the Montgomery Improvement Association car pool was enjoined; and Fred D. Gray was accused of legal misrepresentation (actions in all 4 cases ended with the successful end of the boycott). In 1957, the NAACP was banned from Alabama (later overturned). In 1960, black Alabama State College and white MacMurray College (IIlinois) students were jailed for eating together at the Regal Cafe, and a white and a black student were arrested for attempted desegregation of the Jefferson Davis Hotel; all convictions in these cases were reversed. Also in 1960, local black ministers were sued for libel in the case that resulted in the landmark 1964 Times v. Sullivan ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court, and Martin Luther King Jr. was acquitted by an all white jury in a tax case. African American lawyers arguing cases in the courts here included attorneys Fred D. Gray, Charles Langford, Solomon Seay Jr., Charles Conley, Orzell Billingsley Peter Hall, Arthur Shores and Robert Carter.

Sit-Ins and Marches at the Montgomery County Courthouse

On February 25, 1960, Alabama
Sit-Ins and Marches at the Montgomery County Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 28, 2016
2. Sit-Ins and Marches at the Montgomery County Courthouse Marker
State College students demanded service at the "Whites Only Courthouse Grille located on this site. When refused, the students occupied all the tables. The Grille was then closed, the lights turned off, and the students asked to leave. Subsequently, 9 ASC students were expelled, a dozen professors were pressured to resign and the president was compelled to step down. Fred D. Gray filed St. John Dixon v. Alabama as a result of these actions and ultimately the students were ordered reinstated. On March 17, 1965, after a week of voting rights demonstrations in Montgomery marred by police violence against the protesters, some 4,000 students from Montgomery and Tuskegee marched on the Montgomery County Courthouse where leaders met with city, county, state, and federal officials. During the 7-hour meeting students sang and chanted in the rain outside. When Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. emerged from the meeting, he announced that officials had apologized for the recent violence.
 
Erected 2015 by the Montgomery Improvement Association, Alabama Historical Association.
 
Location. 32° 22.571′ N, 86° 18.38′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Washington Avenue and South Perry Street, on the left when traveling
Montgomery County Courthouse Annex in background. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 28, 2016
3. Montgomery County Courthouse Annex in background.
west on Washington Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 115 South Perry Street, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A County Older Than the State (here, next to this marker); Confederate States of America (CSA) Post Office Department (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Montgomery County Korean War Veterans (about 300 feet away); Dr. J. Marion Sims (about 300 feet away); Office of Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill (about 300 feet away); Chrisí Hot Dogs (about 400 feet away); The Capital City Guards (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
 
Also see . . .  Alabama State University article on "Taking a Seat Against Segregation.". (Submitted on May 28, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsEducation
 
View of marker looking west on Washington Avenue. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, May 28, 2016
4. View of marker looking west on Washington Avenue.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on May 28, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 215 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 28, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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