Alexandria, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Erected 2000 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number E-109.)
Location. 38° 47.68′ N, 77° 2.962′ W. Marker is in Alexandria, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of South Washington Street (Local Route 400) and Church Street, on the right when traveling south on South Washington Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1001 South Washington Street, Alexandria VA 22314, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. Former USCT Burial Ground (a few steps from this marker); First Catholic Church in Virginia (within shouting distance of this marker); Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Original Saint Mary's Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Jones Point (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Lost Village of Cameron at Great Hunting Creek (approx. 0.3 miles away); Battery Rodgers (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alexandria.
Regarding Freedmenís Cemetery. Until recently a gas station stood on the site, but it has been razed and archaeological work is now being conducted prior to establishment of the Freedmenís Cemetery Memorial Park on this site.
This site also boasted a very early projectile point, and as such is important to American Indians.
Also see . . .
1. City of Alexandria Press Release. “Freedmen were enslaved African Americans who fled north during the Civil War in pursuit of freedom. Thousands of Freedmen sought refuge behind Union lines in towns like Alexandria. They lived in crowded barracks (Submitted on July 17, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota.)
2. Freedmen's Cemetery. “When the Civil War broke out, enslaved African Americans had a better sense of where the conflict would lead than did the combatants themselves. Many predicted, as the inevitable outcome of an armed conflict between North and South, the "Jubilee," the end of slavery, when families would be reunited in freedom.” (Submitted on April 3, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. Alexandria [Va.] National Cemetery (Soldiers' Cemetery). At first, Black soldiers who died in Alexandria were buried at Freedmen's Cemetery, established for "contrabands" (liberated slaves) in February 1864. This appears to have been instituted at the insistence of the Superintendent of Contrabands, Black clergyman Reverend Albert Gladwin.
African-American soldiers recuperating at L'Ouverture General Hospital were outraged, and in December 1864 more than 440 of them signed a petition demanding that Soldiers' Cemetery be opened to Blacks: "To crush this rebellion, and establish civil, religious, & political freedom for our children, is the hight [sic] of our ambition. To this end we suffer, for this we fight, yea and mingle our blood with yours
The petitioners prevailed. ... and Black soldiers joined their fallen White comrades at Soldiers' Cemetery. Those already buried at Freedmen's Cemetery were re-interred. ... (Submitted on April 3, 2011, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. "Contraband and Freedmen's Cemetery"; Clovis Point; Mario Chiodo, sculptor; "The Path of Thorns and Roses"
Categories. • African Americans • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Native Americans • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page was last revised on August 25, 2018. This page originally submitted on July 17, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 3,550 times since then and 135 times this year. Last updated on August 19, 2018, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 17, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. 3. submitted on August 12, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 4. submitted on July 17, 2007, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. 5. submitted on August 24, 2013, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.