“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

Jacob Engelbrecht

A Frederick Diarist on the National Road

Jacob Engelbrecht Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 3, 2007
1. Jacob Engelbrecht Marker
Inscription. In 1826, Jacob Engelbrecht moved to the house across the street near Carroll Creek. He began reporting on the National Road cavalcade that was going by his front door. His priceless diary recorded everything he saw. Travelers he observed included:

The famous:
General Winfield Scott, Presidents Andrew Jackson and William Henry Harrison and Senator Henry Clay rode through, traveling to the Capital City.

The ordinary:
“A drove of turkeys amounting to nearly four hundred from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania just now passed the door on their way to Washington City. They go at the rate of 8 miles per day.”

And in 1862, Civil War armies:
“For three days I was nearly continually looking at the Rebel army passing and nearly the whole army passed our door.”

For a half century, Mr. Engelbrecht had a front row seat to American history. His diary recorded everything he saw, and is now in the collection of the Historical Society of Frederick County.

(Sidebar): Barbara Fritchie
Local legends distinguish Barbara Fritchie for defiantly waving the American flag at Confederate troops in 1862. Jacob Engelbrecht, who never saw the event, was an early voice that disputed the story. An 1869 diary entry claimed, “...should anything like that have occurred I am certain
The Barbara Fritchie House image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 3, 2007
2. The Barbara Fritchie House
The Jacob Engelbrecht marker is on the far right, facing away from the camera. Living across the street, for all intents, Engelbrecht would certainly have been a first hand account, if the story surrounding Fritchie had occurred as in the legend.
someone in our family would have noticed it.” In spite of skeptics, the Barbara Fritchie legend lives on.
Erected by Americas By-Ways.
Marker series. This marker is included in the The Historic National Road marker series.
Location. 39° 24.838′ N, 77° 24.876′ W. Marker is in Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker is on West Patrick Street (State Highway 144), on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Located between the Barbara Fritchie house and Mullinix Park, along Patrick Street (A one way street to the west at this point). Marker is at or near this postal address: 154 West Patrick Street, Frederick MD 21701, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. May 17, 1943 (here, next to this marker); Barbara Fritchie House (here, next to this marker); 1862 Antietam Campaign (here, next to this marker); Water Level of the 1976 Flood (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mullinix Park (about 500 feet away); John Hanson (about 500 feet away); Mary Quantrill's Stand (about 600 feet away); a different marker also named John Hanson (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
More about this marker. A portrait
Carroll Creek image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 3, 2007
3. Carroll Creek
Just to the north of the Fritchie House, and the site of the Engelbrecht house, Carroll Creek passes through several city parks as it weaves through downtown Frederick. The dam here forms against a retaining wall which gives the appearance similar to the stone arch bridges often seen along the National Road.
of Jacob Engelbrecht carries the caption, “The son of a Hessian prisoner of war during the American Revolution, Jacob Engelbrecht (1797-1878) was a keen observer who left behind a vivid record of life along the 19th century National Road.”

”A page from the Jacob Engelbrecht Diary illustrates how important his daily comments are to the history of Frederick,” is pictured below the portrait.

The sidebar contains a portrait of Barbara Fritchie. The background of the marker is the “National Road at Fairview Inn” which is the standard for the series.
Also see . . .
1. PDF Copy of this Marker. (Submitted on September 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Jacob Engelbrecht. Short biography and additional excerpts from his diaries. (Submitted on September 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Historical Society of Frederick. The diaries are maintained in the library. Copies are available for purchase. (Submitted on September 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. Roads & VehiclesWar, US Civil
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,919 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 24, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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