Ludlow in Las Animas County, Colorado — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Celebration & Sorrow
A day of festivity was followed by one of the darkest in American Labor history.
The state militia was on guard
Because tensions between the strikers and the company had been steadily escalating, the state militia was stationed on Water Tank Hill to observe the colony's activities.
Just a day before the massacre, the colonists enjoyed an Easter celebration.
April 19, 1914, was Greek Orthodox Easter. The entire colony, along with some militiamen, commemorated the holiday with a feast, followed by dancing, singing and a baseball game.
Violence erupted the next morning.
Most of the camp slept late after their big celebration. Around 9 a.m., an explosion triggered an exchange of gunfire between the miners and the militia. The battle lasted throughout the day. Armed miners defended their positions, while women and children hid in the tents until they could evacuate the colony. In the afternoon, a train stopped on the tracks between the militia and the miners. This interrupted the exchange of gunfire long enough for most of the women and children to escape into the surrounding hills. At dusk, the militia entered the camp and set fire to the tents.
Top right: Members of the Colorado National Guard, called in to suppress the UMWA against CF&I, including Sergeant John Davis, pose near an automatic rifle on a tripod on Water Tank Hill
Top left: View of basketball game at the Ludlow UMWA camp
Bottom right: Men and women of the Red Cross stand in the ruins of the Ludlow Tent Colony after the fire
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Disasters • Labor Unions • Notable Events. A significant historical date for this entry is April 19, 1914.
Location. 37° 20.352′ N, 104° 35.03′ W. Marker is in Ludlow, Colorado, in Las Animas County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of County Road 44 and 61.5. Located about 1 mile west of Interstate 25, exit 27. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Trinidad CO 81082, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 13 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Ludlow Massacre (here, next to this marker); Ludlow Tent Colony Site Memorial (here, next to this marker); Hastings Mine Explosion (approx. 2.3 miles away); The Ludlow Massacre - Cultural Frontier / Hispano Colorado - El Moro Country (approx. 9.3 miles away); Santa Fe Trail (approx. 12 miles away); Christopher Carson (approx. 12 miles away); Welcome to Colorado - Trinidad Country / Trinidad - Army of the West (approx. 12.4 miles away); World War II Veterans Memorial (approx. 12.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ludlow.
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia article on the Ludlow Massacre. (Submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. The Colorado National Guard and the militia. (Submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 17, 2016. It was originally submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 429 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 17, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.