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Colón, Querétaro, Mexico — The Central Highlands (North America)
 

"La Palestina"

House of J. Jesús Hernández Nieves

— Ruta Cristera —

 
 
"La Palestina" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, September 10, 2017
1. "La Palestina" Marker
Inscription.  
“La Palestina”
Casa de J. Jesús Hernández Nieves “el mártir de ocotillos”,
músico, intelectual en el Movimiento Cristero, muerto en
combate, sus restos descansan en la Sacristía de la
Parroquia de San Francisco.

English translation:
“La Palestina”
This was the house of J. Jesús Hernández Nieves, “the martyr of Los Ocotillos”,
musician and intellectual leader of the Cristero Movement, he died in combat.
He was buried in the sacristy of the
Parish of San Francisco.

 
Erected by Municipio de Colón, Presidencia Municipal 2012-2015.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Civil RightsWars, Non-US.
 
Location. 20° 46.88′ N, 100° 3.053′ W. Marker is in Colón, Querétaro. Marker is on Calle Francisco I. Madero just north of Calle Pino Suárez, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Colón QUE 76270, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker.
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House of Clemente Ugalde (about 120 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Santo Domingo Mission (about 240 meters away); The Sanctuary of Soriano (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); History of the Basilica of Soriano (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); "El Jardín Unión" (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); "Antiguo Hospital" (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); Lieutenant Coronel Norberto García (approx. 0.7 kilometers away); The Landaverde House (approx. 0.8 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Colón.
 
Regarding "La Palestina". The Cristero War (1926–1929), also known as La Cristiada, was an armed struggle in central-western Mexican states against the secularist, anti-Catholic, and anticlerical policies of the Mexican government. The rebellion was set off by enactment under President Plutarco Elías Calles of a statute to enforce the anticlerical articles of the Mexican Constitution of 1917 (also known as the Calles Law). Calles sought to eliminate the power of the Catholic Church and organizations affiliated with it as an institution, and also suppress popular religious celebration in local communities. The massive, popular rural uprising against this law was tacitly supported by the Church hierarchy and was aided by urban Catholic support. U.S. Ambassador
"La Palestina" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, September 10, 2017
2. "La Palestina" Marker
The marker is to the far left in this view, now the La Palestina Cafetería.
Dwight W. Morrow brokered negotiations between the Calles government and the Catholic Church. The government made concessions, the Church withdrew its support for the Cristero fighters and the conflict ended nominally in 1929. It can be seen as part of the events in the struggle between the Church and the Mexican State dating back to the 19th century with the War of Reform, but it can also be interpreted as the last major peasant uprising in Mexico following the end of the military phase of the Mexican Revolution in 1920.

The combat at "Los Ocotillos" was a skirmish at the nearby Hacienda Los Ocotillos.
 
"La Palestina" Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, September 10, 2017
3. "La Palestina" Marker
The altar of the San Francisco Catholic Church of Colón image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, September 10, 2017
4. The altar of the San Francisco Catholic Church of Colón
As the marker mentions, the burial site of Hernández Nieves is in the sacristy of the San Francisco Catholic Church, to the right of the altar.
The burial niche of Jesús Hernández Nieves image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, March 29, 2018
5. The burial niche of Jesús Hernández Nieves
The niche for Hernández Nieves is in the sacristy of the Parish of San Francisco. It is to the right of another niche for Gregorio Chavero Zúñiga. The two stones read:

Aquí yacen los restos del joven
Gregorio Chavero Zúñiga,
falleció el 16 de noviembre de 1818 (1918?) a los 18 años de edad
Recuerdo de sus padres y hermanos

Aqui yacen los restos del
Sr. J. Jesús H. Nieves,
falleció el 16 de noviembre de 1928
R.I.P.
Recuerdo de su familia
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 2, 2018. It was originally submitted on September 10, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana. This page has been viewed 134 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 10, 2017, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana.   5. submitted on April 2, 2018, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana.

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Feb. 20, 2024