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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Burleith in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

A Rolling Tobacco Road

 
 
A Rolling Tobacco Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, January 27, 2018
1. A Rolling Tobacco Road Marker
Inscription.  As one of Washington's oldest commercial corridors, Wisconsin Avenue has been a direct route to the Potomac River for more than 250 years. Originally an Indian trail, the route became known as Frederick Pike and linked the small port of George Town (incorporated in 1751) to the county seat of Frederick, Maryland, located 42 miles to the northwest. This was a "rolling road" for the transport of hogsheads — large barrels containing at least one thousand pounds of tobacco which would be shipped to England, Europe and the West Indies.

Tobacco shaped most aspects of life in George Town and was the foundation of its early economy. Before the American Revolution, tobacco was almost the sole currency of the region. Numerous dealings were based upon it: debts, rent, fines, salaries and levies were all paid in tobacco. In 1732, tobacco was made legal tender in Maryland at one penny a pound. An early English writer called tobacco the "meat, drink, clothing and money of the colonists," many of whom saw tobacco as the path to fortune.

"Rolling roads" such as this were the best roads. They were smooth (so that the cask would not
A Rolling Tobacco Road Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, January 27, 2018
2. A Rolling Tobacco Road Marker
be punctured by rocks and tree stumps), dry (to keep the tobacco from getting damp), and reasonably level (to minimize the uphill pull and avoid run-away casks on the down slopes). The large hogsheads were pulled by oxen or horses and rolled to market by placing an axle through the barrel and attaching wheels. At the time of the American Revolution, the Chesapeake area exported more than one hundred million pounds of tobacco annually, dominating the world market. A large part of that went through George Town, which by the end of the century was the largest tobacco port in the U.S.
 
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AnimalsColonial EraIndustry & CommerceRoads & Vehicles.
 
Location. 38° 54.948′ N, 77° 4.084′ W. Marker is in Burleith in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is at the intersection of 34th Street Northwest and Wisconsin Avenue Northwest, on the right when traveling south on 34th Street Northwest. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1819 35th Street Northwest, Washington DC 20007, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Introduction to Burleith (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Georgetown Departed (about 700 feet away); Temple of Learning and Talent
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(approx. 0.2 miles away); The Origins of Burleith (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Georgetown Heights (approx. 0.2 miles away); Holy Rood Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hilleary's Smiling Corner (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Original Georgetown Reservoir (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burleith.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 22, 2019. It was originally submitted on January 27, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 98 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 27, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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Jul. 5, 2020