Fort Rock in Lake County, Oregon — The American West (Northwest)
The First People of Fort Rock
Near the end of the last Ice Age, America's first people migrated into this lake-filled basin, finding a climate cooler than today's. A warming trend increased evaporation and the lake shrank. Soon these people discovered caves carved by waves when lake levels were higher.
Around 9000 years ago, the arid-loving sagebrush had replaced much of the marsh grasses. Despite the change from temperate to semiarid, human habitation in the caves is thought to have continued for more than 11,000 years. Bones found in caves suggest that game continued to be plentiful. Charcoal from fire pits traces the gradual disappearance of plant types no longer resident here.
A Giant Step for Mankind
More than 70 sandals have been found in a variety of caves in the Fort Rock basin. Woven from sagebrush bark, the artifacts are some of the oldest found in the Northwest. Mats and baskets were also fashioned from the bark. Arrowheads and spear points, scrapers, gravers, and fish net weights fashioned from stone also found throughout the basin tell the story of a resident population with many choices at mealtime.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Native Americans.
Location. 43° 22.388′ N, 121° 3.966′ W. Marker is in Fort Rock, Oregon, in Lake County. Marker can be reached from County Road 5-11A west of Cabin Lake Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Rock OR 97735, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Cowboy, Horseman, Philosopher (here, next to this marker); The Birth of a Tuff Ring (here, next to this marker); Fort Rock State Park (here, next to this marker); Fort Rock (within shouting distance of this marker); Reuban A. "Reub" Long (within shouting distance of this marker); A Path to the Past (approx. 1.3 miles away); Claiming the Desert (approx. 1.3 miles away); Home Sweet Home (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Rock.
More about this marker. The marker is by the parking lot in Fort Rock State Park.
Credits. This page was last revised on February 2, 2018. It was originally submitted on February 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 84 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on February 1, 2018, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.